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Wednesday, June 23, 2004
Computer trade show Comdex, once the biggest event on the tech calendar, has been canceled this year, a victim of the growing interest in shows emphasizing consumer electronics and specialist IT gear. 406.html
United States Congressional Record, March 17, 1993 Vol. 33, page H-1303
Speaker-Rep. James Traficant, Jr. (Ohio) addressing the House:
"Mr. Speaker, we are here now in chapter 11.. Members of Congress are official trustees presiding over the greatest reorganization of any Bankrupt entity in world history, the U.S. Government. We are setting forth hopefully, a blueprint for our future. There are some who say it is a coroner’s report that will lead to our demise.
It is an established fact that the United States Federal Government has been dissolved by the Emergency Banking Act, March 9, 1933, 48 Stat. 1, Public Law 89-719; declared by President Roosevelt, being bankrupt and insolvent. H.J.R. 192, 73rd Congress m session June 5, 1933 - Joint Resolution To Suspend The Gold Standard and Abrogate The Gold Clause dissolved the Sovereign Authority of the United States and the official capacities of all United States Governmental Offices, Officers, and Departments and is further evidence that the United States Federal Government exists today in name only.
The receivers of the United States Bankruptcy are the International Bankers, via the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. All United States Offices, Officials, and Departments are now operating within a de facto status in name only under Emergency War Powers. With the Constitutional Republican form of Government now dissolved, the receivers of the Bankruptcy have adopted a new form of government for the United States. This new form of government is known as a Democracy, being an established Socialist/Communist order under a new governor for America. This act was instituted and established by transferring and/or placing the Office of the Secretary of Treasury to that of the Governor of the International Monetary Fund. Public Law 94-564, page 8, Section H.R. 13955 reads in part: "The U.S. Secretary of Treasury receives no compensation for representing the United States?’
Gold and silver were such a powerful money during the founding of the united states of America, that the founding fathers declared that only gold or silver coins can be "money" in America. Since gold and silver coinage were heavy and inconvenient for a lot of transactions, they were stored in banks and a claim check was issued as a money substitute. People traded their coupons as money, or "currency." Currency is not money, but a money substitute. Redeemable currency must promise to pay a dollar equivalent in gold or silver money. Federal Reserve Notes (FRNs) make no such promises, and are not "money." A Federal Reserve Note is a debt obligation of the federal United States government, not "money?’ The federal United States government and the U.S. Congress were not and have never been authorized by the Constitution for the united states of America to issue currency of any kind, but only lawful money, -gold and silver coin.
It is essential that we comprehend the distinction between real money and paper money substitute. One cannot get rich by accumulating money substitutes, one can only get deeper into debt. We the People no longer have any "money." Most Americans have not been paid any "money" for a very long time, perhaps not in their entire life. Now do you comprehend why you feel broke? Now, do you understand why you are "bankrupt," along with the rest of the country?
Federal Reserve Notes (FRNs) are unsigned checks written on a closed account. FRNs are an inflatable paper system designed to create debt through inflation (devaluation of currency). when ever there is an increase of the supply of a money substitute in the economy without a corresponding increase in the gold and silver backing, inflation occurs.
Inflation is an invisible form of taxation that irresponsible governments inflict on their citizens. The Federal Reserve Bank who controls the supply and movement of FRNs has everybody fooled. They have access to an unlimited supply of FRNs, paying only for the printing costs of what they need. FRNs are nothing more than promissory notes for U.S. Treasury securities (T-Bills) - a promise to pay the debt to the Federal Reserve Bank.
There is a fundamental difference between "paying" and "discharging" a debt. To pay a debt, you must pay with value or substance (i.e. gold, silver, barter or a commodity). With FRNs, you can only discharge a debt. You cannot pay a debt with a debt currency system. You cannot service a debt with a currency that has no backing in value or substance. No contract in Common law is valid unless it involves an exchange of "good & valuable consideration." Unpayable debt transfers power and control to the sovereign power structure that has no interest in money, law, equity or justice because they have so much wealth already."
Read the rest at the cited source.
"Expatriation: Should You Renounce Your Citizenship?
by Randy L. Geiszler
Recently I received a letter, which letter, and response thereto, you will find in the letters section of this issue of Behold! And, which letter raised the question in the above title. An article was recently published in Eye of the Eagle, July issue, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 9, last column, last paragraph, wherein Lee Borsht suggested that Congress had passed a resolution "whereby a citizen could declare his independence from the 14th amendment." The so-called resolution spoken of was the Act of July 27, 1868, Ch. 249, 15 Stat. 223-224, set out for your review below.
CHAP. CCXLIX. An Act concerning the Rights of American Citizens in foreign States. Whereas the right of expatriation is a natural and inherent right of all people, indispensable to the enjoyment of the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and whereas in the recognition of this principle this government has freely received emigrants from all nations, and invested them with the rights of citizenship; and whereas it is claimed that such American citizens, with their descendants, are subjects of foreign states, owing allegiance to the governments thereof; and whereas it is necessary to the maintenance of public peace that this claim of foreign allegiance should be promptly and finally disavowed: Therefore, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any declaration, instruction, opinion, order, or decision of any officers of the government which denies, restricts, impairs, or questions the right of expatriation, is hereby declared inconsistent with the fundamental principles of this government.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, that all naturalized citizens of the United States, while in foreign states, shall be entitled to, and shall receive from this government, the same protection of persons and property that is accorded to native-born citizens in like situations and circumstances.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That whenever it shall be made known to the President that any citizen of the United States has been unjustly deprived of his liberty by or under the authority of any foreign government, it shall be the duty of the President forthwith to demand of that government the reasons for such imprisonment, and if it appears to be wrongful in violation of the rights of American Citizenship, the President shall forthwith demand the release of such citizen, and if the release so demanded is unreasonably delayed or refused, it shall be the duty of the President to use such means, not amounting to acts of war, as he may think necessary and proper to obtain or effectuate such release, and all the facts and proceedings relative there to shall as soon as practicable be communicated by the President to Congress.
Approved, July 27, 1868.
The actual quote from the Eye of the Eagle is as follows: "To further clarify the 14th Amendment was not binding, the Congress on July 27, 1868, passed a resolution whereby a citizen could declare his independence form the 14th Amendment..." First of all, the List of Public Acts and Resolutions of Congress, appearing in the front of volume 15 of the United States Statutes at Large, where the above act is officially recorded, cites the act under Public Acts of Congress, not under the section which indexes "resolutions."
If you refer to volume 15, United States Statutes at Large, you will find that "Acts" and "Resolutions, public and private, are treated separately, under their respective classifications, in the listing. Notice that the title to the above act treats the same as "An Act" &, etc., not a "Resolution." Also notice that the act, in its enacting clauses, states that it "enacts" rather that "resolves" the text following such clause. While Representative Van Trump said that "it may partake more of the nature of a resolution than a law; a declaration of opinion more than a rule of action for both the Government and the citizen," (Congressional Globe, March 10, 1868, p. 1801) during debate of the above act in the House, congress treated the legislation as an act, with the support of Mr. Van Trump. In a later discussion of H.R. 768, which became the above act, it is clear that the "act" was intended to be more than a "resolution."
"Mr. BAKER. I would prefer to have this in the form of a joint resolution.
Mr. BANKS. That is a mere declaration. It does not reach the purpose which the Committee on Foreign Affairs has in view. We want something more than that. With great respect for the opinions of the gentleman from Illinois, [Mr. BAKER], I cannot yield to allow that amendment to be moved."
- Congressional Globe, April 20, 1868, p. 2311.
Next, notice the preamble to the act following the word "Whereas," in the first paragraph, which states the purpose of the act. While I can see how this act might be construed to have the meaning Mr. Brobst attributes to it, considering the general purpose stated in the preamble to the act, I questioned whether that was the intention of congress, considering the fact that white citizens were not intended to be contemplated within the provisions of the (statutory) 14th amendment in the first place. The act gave me the impression that the intention was generally related to the rights of expatriation of foreigners to this country and to protect their rights as naturalized citizens when they traveled abroad. Considering the fact that the first civil rights act (Act of April 9, 1866, Ch. 31, s. 1, 14 Stat. 27) was already passed by congress under the thirteenth amendment, and considering that congress therein purported to make all persons born or naturalized in the United States, not subject to any foreign power, citizens, the word "citizen" as used in the above act (15 Stat. 223-224) would have included other than white persons within its meaning. This caused me to question the accuracy of Mr. Brobst's assertion further.
Consequently, I reviewed the congressional record, concerning the above act, to determine congress real purpose. But, before we go into the congressional record, it might be helpful for you to define the term "expatriation."
"EXPATRIATION. The voluntary act of abandoning one's country and becoming a citizen or subject of another.
"2. Citizens of the United States have the right to expatriate themselves until restrained by congress; but it seems that a citizen cannot renounce his allegiance to the United States without the permission of government, to be declared by law. To be legal, the expatriation must be for a purpose which is not unlawful, or in fraud of the duties of the emigrant at home.
"3. A citizen may acquire in a foreign country commercial privileges attached to his domical, and be exempted from operation of commercial acts embracing only persons resident in the United States or under its protection. [citations omitted]...." Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 8th Ed. 1859.
"EXPATRIATION. The voluntary act of abandoning one's country, and becoming a citizen or subject of another. See Emigration." Blacks Law Dictionary, 1st Ed. 1891.
"EMIGRATION, The act of changing ones domicile from one country or state to another. "It is to be distinguished from 'expatriation." The latter means the abandonment of one's country and renunciation of one's citizenship in it, while emigration denotes merely the removal of person and property to a foreign state. The former is usually the consequence of the latter. Emigration is also used of the removal from one section to another of the same country." Black Law Dictionary, 1st Ed. 1891. After reading the above definitions you can see how important it is to determine what the questioned act means. If one chose to renounce citizenship and it were taken the wrong way he could virtually be ejected from the country. And, I must reiterate, what need is there to renounce the citizenship contemplated within the 14th amendment when it doesn't apply to you as a white citizen in the first place. "I. Purpose of the Clause. 1. In General. -- The main object of the opening sentence of the Fourteenth Amendment was to settle the question, upon which there had been a difference of opinion throughout the country and in the courts, as to the citizenship of Negroes..." Federal Statutes Annotated, Vol. 9, p. 385. Clearly the first section of the declaratory 14th amendment was passed to give those of African decent some form of citizenship, while there is no provision in the original constitution for altering the body of original citizenship, established by the Declaration of Independence which recognized only on race in its members, that is free whites. The Congress and the supreme Court, by later acceptance of the 14th amendment citizenship are guilty of treason against the constitution for the united States of America which is evidenced by Marshall v. Donovan, (1874) 10 Bush Ky. 687. "It was held, in the celebrated Dred Scott case, by the Supreme Court of the United States, that a man of African descent, whether a slave or not, was not and could not be a citizen of the state or of the United States; and, notwithstanding the criticism to which this adjudication was subjected, it was never overruled; and the primary object of the Fourteenth Amendment was to relieve this race from the disabilities therein declared to be inherent in and inseparable from the African blood." Marshal v. Donovan, (1874) 10 Bush (Ky.) 687. The statutory legal privileges we were defrauded into accepting, that gave us a legal character similar to that of the 14th amendment citizen, can be renounced, on the basis of fraud, without a declaration renouncing citizenship.
Would it not be better to declare that we are a citizen in the state of __________, and thereby in the united States, without purview of the statutory 14th amendment? This goes back to the original order of citizenship. Originally one was a citizen in a state and through that citizenship was treated as having a national character for only specific purposes such as privileges and immunities set out in Article 4, Section 2, of the Constitution for the united States of America.
"The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States." Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 The statutory 14th amendment, on the other hand, purports to reverse the order by making one a citizen of the United States, first, and thereby a citizen of the State wherein he was born, and again, this was not intended to apply to white state citizens. "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside...." Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1. "2. Clause Reverses Previous Rule of Citizenship. Prior to the adoption of this amendment, strictly speaking, there were no citizens of the United States, but only of someone of them. Congress had the power 'to establish a uniform rule of naturalization,' but not the power to make a naturalized alien a citizen of a state. But the states generally provided that such persons might, on sufficient residence therein, become citizens thereof, and then the courts held ab convenienti, rather than otherwise, that they became ipso facto citizens of the United States. But the amendment declares the law positively on the subject, and reverses this order of procedure, by making citizenship of a state consequent on citizenship of the United States; for, having declared what persons are citizens of the United States, it does not stop there, and leave it in the power of a state to exclude any such person who may reside therein from its citizenship, but adds, 'and such persons shall also be citizens of the state wherein they reside.'" Federal Statutes Annotated, Vol. 9, p. 387. In the House of Representatives, the act here in question was debated as House Resolution No. 768.
The debate appearing in The Congressional Globe makes it clear that the cause for the legislation was England's long-standing disregard for American naturalized citizens, who had been her former subjects. England, since the revolution of the colonies treated her subjects as her property, and on convenient occasions would abscond with these naturalized citizens when they were sojourning in England. The intention of congress, in the statute in question, is revealed by a member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, from which the bill was introduced to the floor of the House. "...There has never been an attempt to embody in a legislative act the American theory upon the subject of expatriation coupled with any principle of action that would compel other nations to consider and decide upon the claims we presented to them." Congressional Globe, March 10, 1868, p. 1798, statement of Mr. Banks, Committed of Foreign Affairs.
"It is apparent that the action of the Government, whatever it may be, must be accompanied by some principle or power which will be able to produce an effect upon the legislation of other countries or the action of other Governments in reference to the rights of our naturalized citizens."
You can read the rest at the original site...I don't condone nor support this option, but offer it for information only.
Since October 15, 1981, the United States has been part of the 1961 Hague Convention abolishing the Requirement of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents. The Convention provides for the simplified certification of public (including notarized) documents to be used in countries that have joined the convention. Documents destined for use in participating countries and their territories should be certified by one of the officials in the jurisdiction in which the document has been executed. Said official must have been designated as competent to issue certifications by "apostille" (usually in the office of the State Secretary of State of his/her counterpart) as provided for by the 1961 Hague Convention. The text of the Convention may be found in T.I.A.S. 10072; 33 U.S. Treaty Series (UST) 883; 527 U.N. Treaty Series (UNTS) 189, and Martindale-Hubble International Law Digest.
With this certification by the Hague Convention apostille, the document is entitled to recognition in the country of intended use, and no certification by the Authentications Office or legalization by the embassy or consulate of the foreign country where the document is to be used is required. The Authentications Office only certify to documents from other federal agencies and officials from foreign governments with the apostille.
By Rebecca Carr, Ken Herman and George Edmonson
Wednesday, June 23, 2004
WASHINGTON -- President Bush, saying the battle against terrorists required "new thinking in the law of war," said al Qaeda followers aren't protected by international anti-torture treaty provisions, according to internal documents released Tuesday by the White House.
Among the documents was a Dec. 2, 2002, memo from Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld approving interrogation methods such as 20-hour questioning, removing all clothing and using "individual phobias (such as fear of dogs) to induce stress."
But Rumsfeld rescinded that memo five weeks later, and one of the documents said the dogs were never used. In a Jan. 15, 2003, memo, Rumsfeld also directed a review of interrogations "when he learned of concern about the implementation of the techniques," said a Pentagon statement issued Tuesday.
Bush's advisers told him that a federal anti-torture law could be an unconstitutional restriction on his ability to conduct the war.
But the president said Tuesday that he wouldn't act on such legal distinctions.
"I will never order torture," Bush said. "The values of this country are such that torture is not a part of our soul and our being."
Bush spoke just hours before White House General Counsel Alberto Gonzales and Defense Department and Justice Department officials began releasing hundreds of pages of documents on the treatment of al Qaeda and Taliban detainees.
The documents offer a window into the administration's thinking about how far military and intelligence agencies should go in questioning suspects held in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and other overseas locations.
The release of the previously secret documents is an attempt by the Bush administration to end the controversy that erupted over the abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq and to differentiate the interrogation of al Qaeda suspects from that scandal.
Bush's legal advice came from an Aug. 1, 2002, Justice Department memo. In that memo, the department wrote that the war against al Qaeda and its allies "may render moot federal law barring torture." The memo said that enforcing U.S. anti-torture law "would represent an unconstitutional infringement of the president's authority to conduct war."
"We conclude that under the current circumstances, necessity or self-defense may justify interrogation methods that might violate" federal law, the 50-page document states.
Senior Justice Department officials disavowed the memo Tuesday, saying it is overly broad and included irrelevant legal opinions that the president would never consider, including torture. The 2002 memo will be replaced with a new document narrowly addressing the question of proper interrogation techniques for al Qaeda and Taliban detainees, Justice Department officials said. "
"AL GORE TO ACCUSE BUSH ADMINISTRATION OF INTENTIONAL DISTORTION ON IRAQ/AL QAEDA TIES IN DC SPEECH THURSDAY
Tue Jun 22 2004 17:28:24 ET
Washington, DC-- In a major Washington policy address this Thursday, former Vice President Al Gore will accuse the Bush Administration of intentionally misleading the American people by continuing to falsely claim a connection between Saddam Hussein and Al Qaeda.
He will charge that Bush and Cheney have "institutionalized dishonesty as an essential element of their policy process."
Gore will also urge the broadcast media to further resist Administration efforts to manipulate and intimidate them, to fearlessly report the fact that there is no Al Qaeda/Saddam collaborative relationship, as the 9/11 Commission staff report has concluded."
Excellent AL! Kick Butt and Take Names.
There DOES appear to be something under the plane like a bomb, which detaches and strikes the tower. It is not an engine, or anything else that is normally on a commercial carrier.
9 yr old handcuffed girls...
75 yr old blind women
68 yr old black lady...
But, those are just a few...
"Officer Tasered teen seven times: trial
Edmonton - A police officer repeatedly used a Taser on a teen he was trying to arrest, who didn't appear to be resisting, a witness testified Monday.
The now 18-year-old man was charged with breach of recognizance for the October 2002 incident, but his lawyer is arguing that the charge should be thrown out because police violated his rights during the arrest.
Police wrongly thought the boy, who was 16 at the time, was stealing a car.
Witness Tim Diserla said Const. Mike Wasylyshen, son of the former police chief, Tasered the teen between six and eight times. Diserla said the boy appeared to be in pain and kept trying to jump up." (from the source at the top)
"Mother asks Moline police to review Taser incident on son
By Kurt Allemeier, email@example.com
Photo: Gary Krambeck
Dontrell Coleman of Moline stands in the basketball court area at Springbrook Courts in Moline where he had a Taser used on him by Moline police after being wrestled to the ground in a June 11 incident.
MOLINE -- A 14-year-old boy was shocked with a Taser during a confrontation with Moline police nearly two weeks ago at Springbrook Courts, and his mother has asked the department to review the incident.
Tammy Coleman filed a complaint with the department about the June 11 incident when her son, Dontrell Coleman, was arrested for suspicion of aggravated battery. No juvenile charges against Dontrell have been filed, his mother said.
Dontrell, who is 5-foot-4-inches tall and weighs 238 pounds, said he was on the ground, with a knee in his back and one arm pinned, when he claims police shocked him with the Taser twice.
A Taser administers a non-lethal electric shock that briefly incapacitates the recipient. The weapon can shoot wires to apply the shock from about 20 feet away or can be used at close range without shooting the wires.
Some specific details of the incident, including force used leading up to the Taser's use, were released by Capt. Gary Francque. He declined to confirm Dontrell was the juvenile in the incident, or to identify the officers involved. He described the youth in the incident as "quite a large young man."
A use of force review of the incident is under way. Capt. Francque said it appears the three officers involved followed the department's policy on using force.
Officers were called to the housing complex about 7 p.m. about a juvenile harassing other juveniles, Capt. Francque said. One was identified by officers as being hostile, and he physically resisted them.
A supervising sergeant, who responded to a request for assistance from police at the scene, Tasered the juvenile.
"At that point, age doesn't matter," Capt. Franque said of the incident. "Physical power is the concern."
The Taser was used at short contact, Capt. Francque said.
However, Mr. Coleman tells a different version of events.
He said he was at a park when an argument arose and police arrived. They started asking what happened. When an officer asked him his name, he told police he didn't have to tell them because he wasn't involved. An officer then said he didn't like Mr. Coleman's attitude, grabbed the teen's shoulder and spun him to face him, Mr. Coleman said.
After trying to pull away from the officer, he was soon on the ground surrounded by four officers when he jolted by the Taser, the teenager added.
Ms. Coleman said her 11-year-old son called her by cell phone saying, "Get to the park. They shot him. They shot him!" "
"Man Dies After Being Tasered By Orlando Police
POSTED: 11:57 am EDT June 2, 2004
UPDATED: 1:04 pm EDT June 2, 2004
ORLANDO, Fla. -- A Lake Mary man died after an Orlando police officer shocked him with a Taser gun.
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Anthony Carl Oliver, 42, acted erratically after he flagged down officers in downtown Orlando, causing officers to use the Taser gun, said Lt. Curley Bowman of the Orlando Police Department.
The gun shoots two barbed probes that shock the recipient with 50,000 volts. Most people are incapacitated, but suffer no permanent injuries.
Bowman said preliminary reports showed that Oliver "had cocaine and marijuana in his system but we don't have the full toxicology."
The Florida Department of Law Enforcement is investigating the death.
Oliver was the 50th person nationwide to die after being shot with a Taser stun gun by law officers, said Steve Tuttle, spokesman for Taser International, which supplied 743 Tasers to the Orlando Police Department.
Orlando police started using Tasers in early 2003. "
"A 9-year-old girl handcuffed in a South Tucson police car was swearing, thrashing and attempting to kick out a window when a police sergeant used a stun gun on her, according to a recently released police report.
The incident, which has set off intense controversy in the community, is being investigating by the Pima County Sheriff's office to determine if a crime was committed.
An attorney for the sergeant says the out-of-control girl presented a danger to police and herself.
On May 8, Officer Michael Hood was dispatched to catch the girl, who had run away from a residential psychiatric center for children. When he found the girl, she started swearing at him, according to the reports.
Hood called Sgt. Armando Teyechea for backup.
Hood handcuffed the girl, who is 4 feet, 7 inches tall and weighs 85 pounds, and placed her in the back of his patrol car.
Teyechea wrote that the girl was "screaming, kicking, flailing and would not listen" when he approached her with the Taser.
The girl continued swearing at the officers and after warning her with the Taser, Teyechea applied the stun gun to her right thigh.
The girl, who was not identified because of her age, screamed that it hurt and calmed down, the report said. The girl was not injured and received no medical treatment.
Hood then drove the girl to the home, where she started acting up again and was given a sedative shot by staff members, the report said.
The Taser administers 50,000 volts and four-thousandths of an amp. It can be used in contact with a person or through two probes connected to 21-foot wires fired out of a cartridge.
The shock overrides the central nervous system and causes complete, involuntary muscle contraction. "
"Suspect tries fleeing deputy, gets Tasered three times
An Illinois man, considered armed and dangerous, is behind bars at the Charlotte County Jail."
"Chiefs seek to legalize Taser
Monday, June 21, 2004
By PATRICK JOHNSON
Massachusetts police chiefs say a state law banning electronic weapons is handcuffing police from using what some consider the most effective, yet nonlethal means of stopping violent offenders
The weapon, called a Taser, fires up to a five-second burst of 50,000 volts that backers say is usually enough to stop - and drop - most offenders long enough to place them under arrest.
Massachusetts and New Jersey are the only two states that do not allow police to carry Tasers.
Taser supporters say that unlike other police weapons, such as pepper sprays, batons or firearms, a Taser blast is usually quick and painless, and the end result is not a trip to the hospital or the morgue.
"It's very difficult to subdue some of the people we are required to subdue," said Springfield Police Chief Paula C. Meara.
"(A Taser) puts them on the ground," she said. "They don't suffer, there's no permanent damage, and there is less injury to the police officers," she said.
West Springfield Police Chief Thomas E. Burke, recently elected head of the Massachusetts Chiefs of Police Association, said he became a Taser supporter last fall after witnessing a demonstration at the Boston police firing range.
As part of the demonstration, the Boston police commissioner volunteered to be shot with one.
"You wouldn't believe how fast he hit the ground," Burke said.
As important, he said, the commissioner got back up again and appeared none the worse for wear.
Monson Police Chief Curtis M. McKenzie said the electronic weapons "will assist us to decrease the numbers and severity of injuries to ourselves and suspects."
Tasers work by firing two dart-like probes with wires up to 21 feet that snag onto the target and deliver an electrical charge that temporarily shorts out the person's central nervous system long enough for them to be put in handcuffs.
With the exception of firearms, other police weapons require officers to get much closer to offenders than 21 feet.
Pepper spray, for example, has a range of four to six feet, and, if the wind is wrong, can blow back in the officer's face. A police baton is effective only for as far as the officer can reach.
The Taser, said Steven Tuttle, spokesman for Taser International Inc., the Arizona-based manufacturer, is the most innovative piece of police gear since the handheld walkie-talkie.
Stun-gun technology was developed in the 1970s by Jack Cover, who coined the word "Taser" from books he read as a child. It stands for "Thomas A. Swift Electrical Rifle," the weapon of a character in a series of children's books written by Victor Appleton between 1910 and 1941.
The company that is now Taser International was formed in 1993 by brothers Rick and Tom Smith after two of their friends were murdered by an angry motorist. Concerned about the increasing violence in their neighborhood, the brothers purchased a gun for their mother but she refused to use a deadly weapon for self-protection. As a result, they formed their company and began production with Cover on a nonlethal self-defense device.
More than 3,500 police departments and law enforcement agencies in North America have purchased Tasers in the last few years, but none of them are in Massachusetts.
"A silly law is preventing (Massachusetts police) from having the most cutting-edge tool on the market today," Tuttle said.
That law, Chapter 141, section 131J of the Massachusetts General Laws, says no one shall possess or sell weapons using "an electric current, impulse, wave or beam to incapacitate temporarily, injure or kill." Violators risk a $1,000 fine and two years in jail.
A bill filed last year by state Sen. Linda J. Melconian, D-Springfield, and backed by the Massachusetts Chiefs of Police Association, seeks to change that.
Melconian's bill would keep the ban in place for the public, but allow police to carry Tasers.
Melconian aide Claire Bartholome said the senator proposed the bill because she believes allowing police to carry Tasers will reduce the number of injuries to officers during arrests.
People arrested are also less likely to be injured than with other methods "such as use of a nightstick or physically wrestling suspects to the ground," she said.
A spokesman for Senate Public Safety Committee Chairman Jarrett T. Barrios, D-Cambridge, said there is no timetable for the bill to be acted upon. It is one of 800 filed last year under review by the committee.
Not everyone thinks giving police Tasers is a good idea.
Northampton lawyer William Newman, director of the American Civil Liberties Union's Western Regional office, said that on the whole, Tasers could be a plus, but how the weapons are used requires close watching, he said.
"To the extent that it reduces violence and death, it is clearly a huge benefit to police officers and to the community," he said.
Because Tasers do not cause a lasting or even visible injury, Newman said their use could lead to misuse.
"The technology permits the possibility of misuse," he said.
Newman said he is concerned about police being too quick to use them, even on people who are not an armed threat.
The Rev. Talbot Swan II, an outspoken critic of Springfield police methods, said Tasers would give bad cops a new means to brutalize civilians.
"God forbid when they had maced Madeline Plunkett that they had Tasers," Swan said. "They'd have Tasered her instead."
Plunkett, a 78-year-old Springfield woman, was maced by police during a 1996 disturbance that got out of hand. The incident set off charges of police brutality throughout the community.
Amnesty International, the human rights advocacy group, also cites a concern for misuse, as well as no research into any potential long-term health complications from repeated Taser hits.
Tuttle cited a study by the Phoenix Police Department that said that within six months after employing Tasers, some 27 percent of people who resisted arrest needed some medical attention.
In the six months before Tasers, when police relied on pepper sprays, guns, clubs and brute force, the odds of someone being injured while fighting with police was around 82 percent.
The weapons, small enough to fit on an officer's belt, cost as much as $800, and a moderate-sized department could equip its officers for about the cost of the average award for one police brutality suit, Tuttle said.
Newman said the national ACLU has not taken a position on Tasers, but the Colorado and Miami chapters recently expressed the same concerns about needless use.
The Colorado chapter recently sent a letter to the Denver police chief asking that the department restrict Tasers only to instances where there is a threat to human life or safety.
The Miami chapter in February sought compensation for a disabled veteran who suffered repeated Tasers hits in November when he was arrested during a public demonstration outside the meeting of the Free Trade Area of the Americas. The veteran was not part of the demonstration but was taking pictures of the protesters when police arrested him, confiscated his bicycle and smashed his camera, according to the complaint.
The Colorado ACLU says it has found several instances in the last three years where people died in police custody within hours of being subdued with Tasers or stun guns.
Taser International disputes those numbers, saying there has not been one death directly linked to a Taser hit.
Tuttle said each unit also has a built-in computer chip that records data each time a Taser is fired, which Tuttle calls a built-in safeguard against misuse.
The effectiveness of the weapon is the primary reason more than 3,500 law enforcement and corrections agencies in North America and beyond are added to the list each month, he said.
One of them, Cincinnati, Ohio, ordered 900 Tasers in December 2003 at a cost of $745,000, one month after the city received a flood of bad publicity following the death of 41-year-old Nathaniel Jones during a struggle with police at a traffic stop.
Videotape footage of police repeatedly striking Jones with their batons was shown from coast to coast, and local activists charged police could have subdued Jones through less violent means.
Closer to home, Burlington, Vt., police ordered Tasers in January 2003, two years after officers shot and killed former Amherst resident Robert "Woody" Woodward, during a standoff in a Burlington church.
Woodward was shot seven times by police after he refused to drop a knife. Officers also say Woodward raised the knife in a threatening manner.
The group "Justice for Woody" charges Woodward was killed without justification, despite a ruling by the state attorney general that the officers did nothing wrong.
Locally, a Monson police sergeant shot and killed 36-year-old Mark C. Merrill of Wilbraham in May 2003 outside a Route 20 strip club after he brandished a long-handled barbecue fork.
Monson police were cleared of any wrongdoing in an investigation by the Hampden District Attorney's Office.
If the Merrill case seems like a textbook example for where a Taser could have avoided bloodshed, the Monson police chief is not about to say so.
McKenzie, concerned about possible litigation, declined to address the shooting.
Meara and Burke, however, each said a Taser likely would have changed the outcome considerably. Merrill likely would have been brought into custody instead of to the morgue.
"That's exactly what I'm talking about," Burke said.
Burke said officers will always draw their guns when confronting someone armed with a gun.
But when someone is armed with something of less immediate danger, like a knife, a fork or even a pointed stick, a Taser is an alternative to using a gun, he said.
Meara said that police, unlike the public, do not have the option of running away from a threat.
"You have got to make the situation safe and take the person into custody," she said."
and there are MANY MORE!
And, oh yes, as an epilogue...what happened to the cop who tasered the handcuffed 9 yr old GIRL?
Officer Cleared In Tasing Of Girl
A South Tucson officer has been cleared of wrongdoing after he used a taser on a 9-year-old girl.
The Pima County Attorney's office reviewed the case of Sergeant Armando Teyechea and found his actions justified.
He tasered the girl in May, saying she was combative and started kicking around in a squad car after she was handcuffed.
The girl was a runaway from a children's home.
Investigators say the use of the taser likely prevented the girl from hurting herself."
TASERING PREVENTED HER FROM HURTING HERSELF!!!!!!!!!!
So, I guess next, they can knock them unconscious with a baton under the theory that it prevents them from "hurting themeselves"?????
"IT AM A BIZARRO WORLD"
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) has submitted comments to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) encouraging the adoption of rules that would protect music played through digital radio receivers from widespread piracy.
According to the brief, the technology offers consumers numerous benefits, including increased fidelity and more exposure to music.
But, the RIAA’s filing outlines the dangers of unprotected "HD radio". This includes the ability to create free libraries of thousands of CD-like quality songs by “cherry-picking” the music wanted through an automated search function and redistributing songs over the Internet.
The RIAA’s brief argues that unprotected high-definition radio could become a popular substitute for the unauthorized peer-to-peer networks, as consumers could acquire all the music they want from free over-the-air broadcasts with CD-like quality without having to download any software, expose their computers to viruses and spyware or themselves to a copyright infringement lawsuit.
The RIAA’s brief makes it clear that there is no intent to prevent consumers from enjoying “HD radio” as they would traditional analog radio: manually pressing a button to start and stop recording a song. Instead, the group argues for rules that would prohibit “cherry-picking” or the unfettered redistribution of the music.
The standard for “hd radio” adopted by the FCC is controlled by the Maryland company iBiquity Digital."
Iran releases British boat crew
"Judge Certifies Suit Accusing Wal-Mart of Sex Discrimination
Published: June 22, 2004
Filed at 6:11 p.m. ET
CHICAGO (Reuters) - A federal judge on Tuesday said a lawsuit that charges Wal-Mart Stores Inc. (WMT.N) discriminated against women in pay, promotions and training can proceed as a class action.
Attorneys for the six lead plaintiffs said it was the largest civil rights class-action case in U.S. history.
U.S. District Court Judge Martin Jenkins in San Francisco certified the class of some 1.6 million women who worked for Wal-Mart's U.S. stores at any time since December 26, 1998.
The lawsuit, filed in 2001, accuses the largest U.S. private-sector employer of discriminating against women employees and retaliating against those who complained.
Wal-Mart said it would appeal the decision and said the ruling ``has absolutely nothing to do with the merits of the case.''
Wal-Mart, the world's largest retailer, has previously denied a pattern of discrimination and argues that the number of men in management reflects the higher number of men who apply for those jobs.
Lawyers for the plaintiffs said 70 percent of Wal-Mart's hourly employees are female, but women hold fewer than 15 percent of store manager positions.
The lawyers said female workers were routinely steered toward positions such as cashier, where there was little chance for promotion. According to court documents, one woman was told she was not qualified to be a manager unless she could stack 50-pound bags of dog food.
Wal-Mart's stock closed down 87 cents, or 1.6 percent, at $54.06 on the New York Stock Exchange on Tuesday.
CASE COULD PROVE COSTLY
Wal-Mart faces dozens of lawsuits claiming violations of wage-and-hour laws and discrimination, but analysts think this one in particular could prove costly for Wal-Mart.
``The concern is the potential impact on earnings growth,'' said James Luke, who manages the large-company growth fund for BB&T Asset Management. ``Wal-Mart may have to change the way they do business, and ultimately it could add to their cost structure.''
Home Depot Inc. (HD.N) settled a sex discrimination case in 1997 for $104 million, and that case covered just 25,000 women. If Wal-Mart were forced to cough up a comparable $4,000 per person, that would be $6.4 billion, although legal experts have said a figure that high was very unlikely.
Emme Kozloff, retail analyst with Sanford Bernstein, said even a settlement or judgment in the billions of dollars ``is not necessarily a death blow to Wal-Mart.'' She said every $1 billion of pretax settlement or damages would reduce earnings per share by about 15 cents. Wal-Mart earned $2.2 billion, or 50 cents per share, in its first quarter ended April 30.
Kozloff said Wal-Mart could cover up to $10 billion in damages or settlement costs with cash on hand and cash flow, but would probably have to suspend share repurchases."
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