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Sunday, May 15, 2005
by AYELISH MCGARVEY
[from the May 30, 2005 issue]
Late last October Dr. W. David Hager, a prominent obstetrician-gynecologist and Bush Administration appointee to the Advisory Committee for Reproductive Health Drugs in the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), took to the pulpit as the featured speaker at a morning service. He stood in the campus chapel at Asbury College, a small evangelical Christian school nestled among picturesque horse farms in the small town of Wilmore in Kentucky's bluegrass region. Hager is an Asburian nabob; his elderly father is a past president of the college, and Hager himself currently sits on his alma mater's board of trustees. Even the school's administrative building, Hager Hall, bears the family name.
That day, a mostly friendly audience of 1,500 students and faculty packed into the seats in front of him. With the autumn sunlight streaming through the stained-glass windows, Hager opened his Bible to the Old Testament Book of Ezekiel and looked out into the audience. "I want to share with you some information about how...God has called me to stand in the gap," he declared. "Not only for others, but regarding ethical and moral issues in our country."
For Hager, those moral and ethical issues all appear to revolve around sex: In both his medical practice and his advisory role at the FDA, his ardent evangelical piety anchors his staunch opposition to emergency contraception, abortion and premarital sex. Through his six books--which include such titles as Stress and the Woman's Body and As Jesus Cared for Women, self-help tomes that interweave syrupy Christian spirituality with paternalistic advice on women's health and relationships--he has established himself as a leading conservative Christian voice on women's health and sexuality.
And because of his warm relationship with the Bush Administration, Hager has had the opportunity to see his ideas influence federal policy. In December 2003 the FDA advisory committee of which he is a member was asked to consider whether emergency contraception, known as Plan B, should be made available over the counter. Over Hager's dissent, the committee voted overwhelmingly to approve the change. But the FDA rejected its recommendation, a highly unusual and controversial decision in which Hager, The Nation has learned, played a key role. Hager's reappointment to the committee, which does not require Congressional approval, is expected this June, but Bush's nomination of Dr. Lester Crawford as FDA director has been bogged down in controversy over the issue of emergency contraception. Crawford was acting director throughout the Plan B debacle, and Senate Democrats, led by Hillary Clinton and Patty Murray, are holding up his nomination until the agency revisits its decision about going over the counter with the pill.
When Hager's nomination to the FDA was announced in the fall of 2002, his conservative Christian beliefs drew sharp criticism from Democrats and prochoice groups. David Limbaugh, the lesser light in the Limbaugh family and author of Persecution: How Liberals Are Waging Political War Against Christianity, said the left had subjected Hager to an "anti-Christian litmus test." Hager's valor in the face of this "religious profiling" earned him the praise and lasting support of evangelical Christians, including such luminaries as Charles Colson, Dr. James Dobson and Franklin Graham, son of the Rev. Billy Graham.
Back at Asbury, Hager cast himself as a victim of religious persecution in his sermon. "You see...there is a war going on in this country," he said gravely. "And I'm not speaking about the war in Iraq. It's a war being waged against Christians, particularly evangelical Christians. It wasn't my scientific record that came under scrutiny [at the FDA]. It was my faith.... By making myself available, God has used me to stand in the breach.... Just as he has used me, he can use you."
Up on the dais, several men seated behind Hager nodded solemnly in agreement. But out in the audience, Linda Carruth Davis--co-author with Hager of Stress and the Woman's Body, and, more saliently, his former wife of thirty-two years--was enraged. "It was the most disgusting thing I've ever heard," she recalled months later, through clenched teeth.
According to Davis, Hager's public moralizing on sexual matters clashed with his deplorable treatment of her during their marriage. Davis alleges that between 1995 and their divorce in 2002, Hager repeatedly sodomized her without her consent. Several sources on and off the record confirmed that she had told them it was the sexual and emotional abuse within their marriage that eventually forced her out. "I probably wouldn't have objected so much, or felt it was so abusive if he had just wanted normal [vaginal] sex all the time," she explained to me. "But it was the painful, invasive, totally nonconsensual nature of the [anal] sex that was so horrible."
Not once during the uproar over Hager's FDA appointment did any reporter solicit the opinion of the woman now known as Linda Davis--she remarried in November 2002 to James Davis, a Methodist minister, and relocated to southern Georgia--on her husband's record, even though she contributed to much of his self-help work in the Christian arena (she remains a religious and political conservative). She intermittently thought of telling her story but refrained, she says, out of respect for her adult children. It was Hager's sermon at Asbury last October that finally changed her mind. Davis was there to hear her middle son give a vocal performance; she was prepared to hear her ex-husband inveigh against secular liberals, but she was shocked to hear him speak about their divorce when he took to the pulpit.
"In early 2002," Hager told the churchgoers that day, "my world fell apart.... After thirty-two years of marriage, I was suddenly alone in a new home that we had built as our dream home. Time spent 'doing God's will' had kept me from spending the time I needed to nourish my marriage." Hager noted with pride that in his darkest hour, Focus on the Family estimated that 50 million people worldwide were praying for him.
Linda Davis quietly fumed in her chair. "He had the gall to stand under the banner of holiness of the Lord and lie, by the sin of omission," she told me. "It's what he didn't say--it's the impression he left."
David Hager is not the fringe character and fundamentalist faith healer that some of his critics have made him out to be. In fact, he is a well-credentialed doctor. In Kentucky Hager has long been recognized as a leading Ob-Gyn at Lexington's Central Baptist Hospital and a faculty member at the University of Kentucky's medical school. And in the 1990s several magazines, including Modern Healthcare and Good Housekeeping, counted him among the best doctors for women in the nation.
Yet while Hager doesn't advocate the substitution of conservative Christianity for medicine, his religious ideology underlies an all-encompassing paternalism in his approach to his women patients. "Even though I was trained as a medical specialist," Hager explained in the preface to As Jesus Cared for Women, "it wasn't until I began to see how Jesus treated women that I understood how I, as a doctor, should treat them." To underscore this revelation, Hager recounted case after case in which he acted as confidant, spiritual adviser and even father figure to his grateful patients. As laid out in his writings, Hager's worldview is not informed by a sense of inherent equality between men and women. Instead, men are expected to act as benevolent authority figures for the women in their lives. (In one of his books, he refers to a man who raped his wife as "selfish" and "sinful.") But to model gender relations on the one Jesus had with his followers is to leave women dangerously exposed in the event that the men in their lives don't meet the high standard set by God Himself--trapped in a permanent state of dependence hoping to be treated well.
In tandem with his medical career, Hager has been an aggressive advocate for the political agenda of the Christian right. A member of Focus on the Family's Physician Resource Council and the Christian Medical and Dental Society, Hager assisted the Concerned Women for America in submitting a "Citizen's Petition" to the FDA in August 2002 to halt distribution and marketing of the abortion pill, RU-486. It was this record of conservative activism that ignited a firestorm when the Bush Administration first floated his name for chairman of the FDA's advisory committee in the fall of 2002. In the end, the FDA found a way to dodge the controversy: It issued a stealth announcement of Hager's appointment to the panel (to be one of eleven members, not chairman) on Christmas Eve. Liberals were furious that they weren't able to block his appointment. For many months afterward, an outraged chain letter alerting women to the appointment of a man with religious views "far outside the mainstream" snaked its way around the Internet, lending the whole episode the air of urban legend.
Back in Lexington, where the couple continued to live, Linda Hager, as she was still known at the time, was sinking into a deep depression, she says. Though her marriage had been dead for nearly a decade, she could not see her way clear to divorce; she had no money of her own and few marketable skills. But life with David Hager had grown unbearable. As his public profile increased, so did the tension in their home, which she says periodically triggered episodes of abuse. "I would be asleep," she recalls, "and since [the sodomy] was painful and threatening, I woke up. Sometimes I acquiesced once he had started, just to make it go faster, and sometimes I tried to push him off.... I would [confront] David later, and he would say, 'You asked me to do that,' and I would say, 'No, I never asked for it.'"
I first heard of Davis's experience in 2004 through a friend of hers. After a few telephone conversations, she agreed to have me fly down to see her in her modest parsonage in Georgia, to tell me her story on the record. With her mod reading glasses, stylish bob and clever outfits, Davis, 55, is a handsome woman with a sharp wit. She spoke with me over two days in January.
Linda Davis (née Carruth) first met David Hager on the campus of Asbury College in 1967. "On the very first date he sat me down and told me he was going to marry me," Davis remembers. "I was so overwhelmed by this aggressive approach of 'I see you and I want you' that I was completely seduced by it."
Davis, a former beauty queen, was a disengaged student eager to get married and start a family. A Hager-Carruth marriage promised prestige and wealth for the couple; her father was a famous Methodist evangelist, and his father was then president of Asbury. "On the surface, it just looked so good," she remembers. The couple married in 1970, while Hager completed medical school at the University of Kentucky.
"I don't think I was married even a full year before I realized that I had made a horrible mistake," Davis says. By her account, Hager was demanding and controlling, and the couple shared little emotional intimacy. "But," she says, "the people around me said, 'Well, you've made your bed, and now you have to lie in it.'" So Davis commenced with family making and bore three sons: Philip, in 1973; Neal, in 1977; and Jonathan, in 1979.
Sometime between the births of Neal and Jonathan, Hager embarked on an affair with a Bible-study classmate who was a friend of Davis's. A close friend of Davis's remembers her calling long distance when she found out: "She was angry and distraught, like any woman with two children would be. But she was committed to working it out."
Sex was always a source of conflict in the marriage. Though it wasn't emotionally satisfying for her, Davis says she soon learned that sex could "buy" peace with Hager after a long day of arguing, or insure his forgiveness after she spent too much money. "Sex was coinage; it was a commodity," she said. Sometimes Hager would blithely shift from vaginal to anal sex. Davis protested. "He would say, 'Oh, I didn't mean to have anal sex with you; I can't feel the difference,'" Davis recalls incredulously. "And I would say, 'Well then, you're in the wrong business.'"
By the 1980s, according to Davis, Hager was pressuring her to let him videotape and photograph them having sex. She consented, and eventually she even let Hager pay her for sex that she wouldn't have otherwise engaged in--for example, $2,000 for oral sex, "though that didn't happen very often because I hated doing it so much. So though it was more painful, I would let him sodomize me, and he would leave a check on the dresser," Davis admitted to me with some embarrassment. This exchange took place almost weekly for several years.
Money was an explosive issue in their household. Hager kept an iron grip on the family purse strings. Initially the couple's single checking account was in Hager's name only, which meant that Davis had to appeal to her husband for cash, she says. Eventually he relented and opened a dual account. Davis recalls that Hager would return home every evening and make a beeline for his office to balance the checkbook, often angrily summoning her to account for the money she'd spent that day. Brenda Bartella Peterson, Davis's friend of twenty-five years and her neighbor at the time, witnessed Hager berate his wife in their kitchen after one such episode. For her part, Davis set out to subvert Hager's financial dominance with profligate spending on credit cards opened in her own name. "I was not willing to face reality about money," she admits. "I thought, 'Well, money can't buy happiness, but it buys the kind of misery you can learn to live with.'"
These financial atmospherics undoubtedly figured into Linda's willingness to accept payment for sex. But eventually her conscience caught up with her. "Finally...I said, 'You know, David, this is like being a prostitute. I just can't do this anymore; I don't think it's healthy for our relationship,'" she recalls.
By 1995, according to Davis's account, Hager's treatment of his wife had moved beyond morally reprehensible to potentially felonious. It was a uniquely stressful year for Davis. Her mother, dying of cancer, had moved in with the family and was in need of constant care. At the same time, Davis was suffering from a seemingly inexplicable exhaustion during the day. She began exhibiting a series of strange behaviors, like falling asleep in such curious places as the mall and her closet. Occasionally she would--as she describes it--"zone out" in midsentence in a conversation, and her legs would buckle. Eventually, Davis was diagnosed as having narcolepsy, a neurological disorder that affects the brain's ability to regulate normal sleep-wake cycles.
For Davis, the diagnosis spelled relief, and a physician placed her on several medications to attain "sleep hygiene," or a consistent sleep pattern. But Davis says it was after the diagnosis that the period of the most severe abuse began. For the next seven years Hager sodomized Davis without her consent while she slept roughly once a month until their divorce in 2002, she claims. "My sense is that he saw [my narcolepsy] as an opportunity," Davis surmises. Sometimes she fought Hager off and he would quit for a while, only to circle back later that same night; at other times, "the most expedient thing was to try and somehow get it [over with]. In order to keep any peace, I had to maintain the illusion of being available to him." At still other moments, she says, she attempted to avoid Hager's predatory advances in various ways--for example, by sleeping in other rooms in the house, or by struggling to stay awake until Hager was in a deep sleep himself. But, she says, nothing worked. One of Davis's lifelong confidantes remembers when Davis first told her about the abuse. "[Linda] was very angry and shaken," she recalled.
As Hager began fielding calls from the White House personnel office in 2001, the stress in the household--and, with it, the abuse--hit an all-time high, according to Davis. She says she confronted her husband on numerous occasions: "[I said to him,] 'Every time you do this, I hate your guts. And it blows a bridge out between us that takes weeks, if not months, to heal.'" She says that Hager would, in rare instances, admit what he had done and apologize, but typically would deny it altogether.
For a while, fears of poverty, isolation and damnation were enough to keep Davis from seeking a divorce. She says that she had never cheated on Hager, but after reuniting with a high school sweetheart (not her current husband) in the chaotic aftermath of September 11, she had a brief affair. En route to their first, and only, rendezvous, she prayed aloud. "I said to the Lord, 'All right. I do not want to die without having sex with someone I love,'" she remembers. "'I want to know what that's like, Lord. I know that it's a sin, and I know this is adultery. But I have to know what it's like.'"
Davis was sure that God would strike her dead on her way home that weekend. But when nothing happened, she took it as a good sign. Back in Lexington, she walked through her front door and made a decision right there on the spot. "I said, 'David, I want a divorce.'"
Marital rape is a foreign concept to many women with stories like this one. Indeed, Linda Davis had never heard the term until midway through her divorce. In Kentucky a person is guilty of rape in the first degree when he engages in sexual intercourse with another person by "forcible compulsion"; or when the victim is incapable of consent because she is physically helpless. The same standards apply to the crime of sodomy in the first degree (equivalent to rape, and distinct from consensual sodomy). Both are felonies.
In sexual assault cases, the outcome hinges on the issue of consent. A high-level domestic violence prosecutor in Kentucky confirmed that a scenario such as this one, in which Davis was in a deep sleep from the narcolepsy, could meet the "physically helpless" standard required for a first-degree offense. A prosecutor could also argue that Hager engaged in sodomy with Davis by means of forcible compulsion, even though the alleged encounters did not involve violence. According to the Kentucky Supreme Court's decision in 1992 in Yarnell v. Commonwealth, a climate of abuse involving "constant emotional, verbal, and physical duress" is tantamount to forcible compulsion. In that case, the victims submitted to the sex acts to avoid a loss of financial security, as well as to maintain peace in the household.
Historically, the legal system has long been indifferent to the crime of marital sexual assault; as recently as twelve years ago in some states, it was legal for a man to force his wife physically into sex, or commence having sex without her consent--actions that could land a stranger in jail. Until 2000 the Kentucky Penal Code still contained archaic procedural obstacles for prosecuting marital rape, including a requirement that it be reported within one year of the offense. (No other felony--including "stranger rape"--contains a statute of limitations.) Even today, marital sexual assault is a notoriously difficult crime to prosecute. Women like Davis often have strong financial incentives to stay with their spouses; those who speak out frequently face an uphill battle to convince people that their husbands, who may be well liked and respected, are capable of something this ugly at home. Also, because marriages play out over many years, some sex is consensual, while other sex is not--a fact that may complicate matters for a jury in a criminal proceeding.
Linda Davis chose not to bring allegations of marital rape into her divorce proceedings; her foremost desires at the time were a fair settlement and minimal disruption for her sons. Nonetheless, she informed her lawyer of the abuse. Natalie Wilson, a divorce attorney in Lexington, asked Linda to draw up a working chronology of her marriage to Hager. "[It] included references to what I would call the sexual abuse," Wilson explained. "I had no reason not to believe her.... It was an explanation for some of the things that went on in the marriage, and it explained her reluctance to share that information with her sons--which had resulted in her sons' being very angry about the fact that she was insisting on the divorce."
As it turned out, when the dust settled after their divorce, nearly everyone in the Hagers' Christian and medical circles in Lexington had sided with Hager, who told people that his wife was mentally unstable and had moved in with another man (she moved in with friends).
Davis had only told a handful of people about the abuse throughout her marriage, but several of her longtime confidantes confirmed for this article that she had told them of the abuse at the time it was occurring. Wilson, the attorney, spoke to me on the record, as did Brenda Bartella Peterson, Davis's close friend of twenty-five years. Several others close to Davis spoke to me off the record. Two refused to speak to me and denounced Davis for going public, but they did not contest her claims. Many attempts to interview nearly a dozen of Hager's friends and supporters in Lexington and around the country were unsuccessful.
As for David Hager, after repeated attempts to interview him for this story, we finally spoke for nearly half an hour in early April. That conversation was off the record. "My official comment is that I decline to comment," he said.
As disturbing as they are on their own, Linda Davis's allegations take on even more gravity in light of Hager's public role as a custodian of women's health. Some may argue that this is just a personal matter between a man and his former wife--a simple case of "he said, she said" with no public implications. That might be so--if there were no allegations of criminal conduct, if the alleged conduct did not bear any relevance to the public responsibilities of the person in question, and if the allegations themselves were not credible and independently corroborated. But given that this case fails all of those tests, the public has a right to call on Dr. David Hager to answer Linda Davis's charges before he is entrusted with another term. After all, few women would knowingly choose a sexual abuser as their gynecologist, and fewer still would likely be comfortable with the idea of letting one serve as a federal adviser on women's health issues.
(Lest inappropriate analogies be drawn between the Hager accusations and the politics of personal destruction that nearly brought down the presidency of Bill Clinton, it ought to be remembered that President Clinton's sexual relationship with Monica Lewinsky was never alleged to be criminal and did not affect his ability to fulfill his obligations to the nation. This, of course, did not stop the religious right from calling for his head. "The topic of private vs. public behavior has emerged as perhaps the central moral issue raised by Bill Clinton's 'improper relationship,'" wrote evangelist and Hager ally Franklin Graham at the time. "But the God of the Bible says that what one does in private does matter. There needs to be no clash between personal conduct and public appearance.")
Hager's FDA assignment is an object lesson in the potential influence of a single appointment to a federal advisory committee that in turn affects thousands, even millions, of lives. Witness the behind-the-scenes machinations that set the stage for the FDA's ruling against Plan B, a decision that the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists called a "dark stain on the reputation of an evidence-based agency like the FDA."
On December 16, 2003, twenty-seven of the FDA's advisers on women's health and nonprescription drugs gathered in Gaithersburg, Maryland, to evaluate the safety and efficacy of emergency contraception for over-the-counter use. (The Plan B pill, which drastically reduces the risk of pregnancy when used within seventy-two hours after intercourse, has long been available by prescription only; its advocates say its greater availability could significantly reduce the nation's abortion rate.) After a long day of highly technical deliberation, the advisers voted 23 to 4 to drop the prescription-only status of emergency contraception. "I've been on this committee...for almost four years, and I would take this to be the safest product that we have seen brought before us," announced Dr. Julie Johnson, a professor at the University of Florida's Colleges of Pharmacy and Medicine.
But on May 6, 2004, the FDA rejected the advice of its own experts and refused to approve the sale of Plan B over the counter. In his letter to Barr Laboratories, Steven Galson, acting director of the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, claimed that Barr had not provided adequate data showing just how young adolescent women would actually use the drug.
That issue was never voted on by the committee. It was, however, broached by Hager at the meeting; he mentioned his concern for these "younger adolescents" several times.
In his private practice back in Kentucky, Hager doesn't prescribe emergency contraception, because he believes it is an abortifacient, and, not surprisingly, his was one of the four votes against widening its availability. But rather than voice his ethical opposition to the product, Hager emphasized his concern about adolescents, which other committee members have since called a "political fig leaf." According to Dr. James Trussell, who voted in favor of Plan B, the FDA had at hand six studies examining whether teens as young as 15 would increase their "risky" behavior if they knew they had a backup emergency contraceptive--and none of the studies showed any evidence for that contention.
In his sermon at Asbury College last fall, Hager proudly recounted his role in the Plan B decision. "After two days of hearings," he said, "the committees voted to approve this over-the-counter sale by 23 to 4. I was asked to write a minority opinion that was sent to the commissioner of the FDA.... Now the opinion I wrote was not from an evangelical Christian perspective.... But I argued it from a scientific perspective, and God took that information, and He used it through this minority report to influence the decision." [Emphasis added.]
None of the four panel members I spoke with for this article were aware of Hager's "minority opinion." An FDA spokeswoman told me that "the FDA did not ask for a minority opinion from this advisory committee," though she was unable to say whether any individual within the agency had requested such a document from Hager. This past January the FDA missed a deadline to respond to a new application from Barr Laboratories, and any forward motion on making Plan B more widely available has completely stalled.
Meanwhile, David Hager's stock has been rising among conservatives. Though his term on the FDA panel is set to expire on June 30, observers on both sides of the political divide anticipate his reappointment. In March I spoke with Janice Shaw Crouse, executive director and senior fellow at the Beverly LaHaye Institute, the research arm of Concerned Women for America. She is one of Hager's staunchest advocates in Washington (some credit her with engineering his FDA appointment); Crouse sits alongside Hager on Asbury College's board of trustees. In May, when informed of the allegations against him, she declined to revise her earlier statement. "I would not be at all surprised to see Dr. Hager elevated to a higher position or to another very influential position when it comes to women's care," she told me. "Because he has shown that he does care about women regardless of...the [religious] issues that people want to try to raise.... When people try to discredit him, he continues on. He hasn't caved in, and he hasn't waffled. He has been a gentleman. He is a person of character and integrity, and I think people admire that."
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23, 2005 Saturday, February 26, 2005 Sunday, February 27, 2005 Monday, February 28, 2005 Wednesday, March 02, 2005 Thursday, March 03, 2005 Sunday, March 06, 2005 Tuesday, March 08, 2005 Wednesday, March 09, 2005 Thursday, March 10, 2005 Friday, March 11, 2005 Saturday, March 12, 2005 Sunday, March 13, 2005 Monday, March 14, 2005 Tuesday, March 15, 2005 Wednesday, March 16, 2005 Thursday, March 17, 2005 Friday, March 18, 2005 Saturday, March 19, 2005 Thursday, March 24, 2005 Friday, March 25, 2005 Saturday, March 26, 2005 Sunday, March 27, 2005 Wednesday, March 30, 2005 Thursday, March 31, 2005 Friday, April 01, 2005 Saturday, April 02, 2005 Sunday, April 03, 2005 Wednesday, April 06, 2005 Thursday, April 07, 2005 Saturday, April 09, 2005 Sunday, April 10, 2005 Monday, April 11, 2005 Thursday, April 14, 2005 Saturday, April 16, 2005 Sunday, April 17, 2005 Monday, April 18, 2005 Wednesday, April 20, 2005 Thursday, April 21, 2005 Friday, April 22, 2005 Saturday, April 23, 2005 Sunday, April 24, 2005 Tuesday, April 26, 2005 Friday, April 29, 2005 Saturday, April 30, 2005 Sunday, May 01, 2005 Monday, May 02, 2005 Tuesday, May 03, 2005 Wednesday, May 04, 2005 Thursday, May 05, 2005 Friday, May 06, 2005 Sunday, May 08, 2005 Wednesday, May 11, 2005 Thursday, May 12, 2005 Friday, May 13, 2005 Sunday, May 15, 2005 Monday, May 16, 2005 Wednesday, May 18, 2005 Thursday, May 19, 2005 Friday, May 20, 2005 Saturday, May 21, 2005 Sunday, May 22, 2005 Monday, May 23, 2005 Tuesday, May 24, 2005 Wednesday, May 25, 2005 Thursday, May 26, 2005 Friday, May 27, 2005 Saturday, May 28, 2005 Sunday, May 29, 2005 Monday, May 30, 2005 Tuesday, May 31, 2005 Wednesday, June 01, 2005 Thursday, June 02, 2005 Friday, June 03, 2005 Saturday, June 04, 2005 Sunday, June 05, 2005 Monday, June 06, 2005 Tuesday, June 07, 2005 Wednesday, June 08, 2005 Thursday, June 09, 2005 Friday, June 10, 2005 Sunday, June 12, 2005 Tuesday, June 14, 2005 Thursday, June 16, 2005 Friday, June 17, 2005 Saturday, June 18, 2005 Sunday, June 19, 2005 Monday, June 20, 2005 Tuesday, June 21, 2005 Thursday, June 23, 2005 Saturday, June 25, 2005 Sunday, June 26, 2005 Tuesday, June 28, 2005 Wednesday, June 29, 2005 Thursday, June 30, 2005 Friday, July 01, 2005 Saturday, July 02, 2005 Monday, July 04, 2005 Wednesday, July 06, 2005 Thursday, July 07, 2005 Saturday, July 09, 2005 Sunday, July 10, 2005 Friday, July 15, 2005 Sunday, July 17, 2005 Tuesday, July 19, 2005 Wednesday, July 20, 2005 Thursday, July 21, 2005 Saturday, July 23, 2005 Sunday, July 24, 2005 Tuesday, August 02, 2005 Thursday, August 04, 2005 Friday, August 05, 2005 Saturday, August 13, 2005 Wednesday, August 24, 2005 Friday, August 26, 2005 Saturday, August 27, 2005 Saturday, September 03, 2005 Wednesday, September 07, 2005 Thursday, September 08, 2005 Saturday, September 24, 2005 Wednesday, September 28, 2005 Wednesday, October 19, 2005 Thursday, October 20, 2005 Friday, October 21, 2005 Sunday, October 23, 2005 Wednesday, November 02, 2005 Monday, November 21, 2005 Wednesday, November 23, 2005 Friday, December 02, 2005 Saturday, December 10, 2005 Saturday, December 17, 2005 Sunday, December 18, 2005 Monday, December 19, 2005 Wednesday, December 21, 2005 Wednesday, January 04, 2006 Friday, January 06, 2006 Monday, January 09, 2006 Monday, January 16, 2006 Tuesday, January 17, 2006 Friday, January 20, 2006 Sunday, January 22, 2006 Saturday, January 28, 2006 Tuesday, January 31, 2006 Wednesday, February 01, 2006 Thursday, February 02, 2006 Wednesday, February 08, 2006 Thursday, February 09, 2006 Friday, February 10, 2006 Saturday, February 11, 2006 Sunday, February 12, 2006 Monday, February 13, 2006 Tuesday, February 14, 2006 Wednesday, February 15, 2006 Thursday, February 16, 2006 Saturday, February 18, 2006 Monday, February 20, 2006 Wednesday, February 22, 2006 Thursday, February 23, 2006 Sunday, March 05, 2006 Tuesday, March 07, 2006 Friday, March 24, 2006 Saturday, March 25, 2006 Wednesday, April 05, 2006 Thursday, April 06, 2006 Friday, April 07, 2006 Saturday, April 08, 2006 Tuesday, April 11, 2006 Monday, April 17, 2006 Tuesday, April 25, 2006 Thursday, April 27, 2006 Tuesday, May 09, 2006 Friday, May 12, 2006 Saturday, May 13, 2006 Sunday, May 14, 2006 Monday, May 15, 2006 Tuesday, May 16, 2006 Thursday, May 18, 2006 Friday, May 26, 2006 Sunday, May 28, 2006 Monday, May 29, 2006 Wednesday, May 31, 2006 Thursday, June 01, 2006 Sunday, June 04, 2006 Monday, June 05, 2006 Friday, June 09, 2006 Saturday, June 10, 2006 Sunday, June 11, 2006 Friday, June 16, 2006 Monday, June 19, 2006 Friday, June 23, 2006 Sunday, June 25, 2006 Tuesday, June 27, 2006 Wednesday, June 28, 2006 Friday, June 30, 2006 Sunday, July 09, 2006 Thursday, July 13, 2006 Friday, July 14, 2006 Saturday, July 15, 2006 Monday, July 17, 2006 Tuesday, July 18, 2006 Wednesday, July 19, 2006 Tuesday, July 25, 2006 Wednesday, July 26, 2006 Friday, July 28, 2006 Sunday, July 30, 2006 Monday, July 31, 2006 Thursday, August 03, 2006 Friday, August 04, 2006 Sunday, August 06, 2006 Monday, August 07, 2006 Wednesday, August 09, 2006 Thursday, August 10, 2006 Sunday, August 13, 2006 Tuesday, August 15, 2006 Thursday, August 17, 2006 Friday, August 18, 2006 Wednesday, September 06, 2006 Friday, September 08, 2006 Monday, September 11, 2006 Wednesday, September 13, 2006 Thursday, September 14, 2006 Friday, September 22, 2006 Saturday, September 23, 2006 Sunday, October 01, 2006 Tuesday, October 03, 2006 Monday, October 30, 2006 Monday, November 06, 2006 Tuesday, November 07, 2006 Sunday, November 12, 2006 Tuesday, November 21, 2006 Wednesday, November 22, 2006 Thursday, November 23, 2006 Friday, December 01, 2006 Monday, December 04, 2006 Tuesday, December 05, 2006 Thursday, December 14, 2006 Wednesday, December 20, 2006 Thursday, December 21, 2006 Friday, December 29, 2006 Wednesday, January 10, 2007 Thursday, January 11, 2007 Saturday, January 13, 2007 Monday, January 15, 2007 Wednesday, January 17, 2007 Saturday, January 20, 2007 Tuesday, January 23, 2007 Tuesday, February 20, 2007 Saturday, February 24, 2007 Sunday, February 25, 2007 Friday, March 23, 2007 Wednesday, April 04, 2007 Tuesday, April 10, 2007 Thursday, April 12, 2007 Friday, April 13, 2007 Thursday, April 19, 2007 Friday, April 20, 2007 Tuesday, April 24, 2007 Tuesday, May 08, 2007 Thursday, May 10, 2007 Friday, May 11, 2007 Monday, May 14, 2007 Tuesday, May 15, 2007 Sunday, May 20, 2007 Monday, May 21, 2007 Tuesday, May 22, 2007 Wednesday, May 23, 2007 Thursday, May 24, 2007 Sunday, May 27, 2007 Wednesday, May 30, 2007 Thursday, May 31, 2007 Friday, June 01, 2007 Monday, June 04, 2007 Wednesday, June 06, 2007 Saturday, June 09, 2007 Sunday, June 10, 2007 Monday, June 11, 2007 Friday, June 15, 2007 Tuesday, June 19, 2007 Tuesday, June 26, 2007 Wednesday, June 27, 2007 Thursday, June 28, 2007 Saturday, June 30, 2007 Monday, July 02, 2007 Tuesday, July 03, 2007 Friday, July 06, 2007 Tuesday, July 10, 2007 Friday, July 13, 2007 Tuesday, July 24, 2007 Saturday, July 28, 2007 Sunday, July 29, 2007 Monday, August 13, 2007 Sunday, August 19, 2007 Saturday, August 25, 2007 Monday, August 27, 2007 Wednesday, August 29, 2007 Friday, August 31, 2007 Friday, September 07, 2007 Wednesday, September 12, 2007 Wednesday, September 19, 2007 Friday, September 21, 2007 Friday, September 28, 2007 Tuesday, October 02, 2007 Thursday, October 11, 2007 Saturday, October 27, 2007 Thursday, November 01, 2007 Saturday, November 03, 2007 Monday, November 05, 2007 Wednesday, November 28, 2007 Tuesday, December 04, 2007 Tuesday, December 11, 2007 Friday, December 14, 2007 Friday, December 21, 2007 Tuesday, December 25, 2007 Saturday, December 29, 2007 Monday, January 07, 2008 Thursday, January 10, 2008 Saturday, January 12, 2008 Sunday, January 13, 2008 Tuesday, January 15, 2008 Friday, January 18, 2008 Saturday, January 19, 2008 Friday, January 25, 2008 Sunday, January 27, 2008 Monday, January 28, 2008 Tuesday, January 29, 2008 Sunday, February 03, 2008 Wednesday, February 06, 2008 Friday, February 08, 2008 Sunday, February 10, 2008 Monday, February 11, 2008 Tuesday, February 12, 2008 Monday, February 25, 2008 Tuesday, February 26, 2008 Monday, March 03, 2008 Tuesday, March 04, 2008 Saturday, March 22, 2008 Saturday, April 19, 2008 Wednesday, April 23, 2008 Saturday, April 26, 2008 Wednesday, April 30, 2008 Monday, May 05, 2008 Tuesday, May 13, 2008 Wednesday, May 14, 2008 Saturday, May 17, 2008 Tuesday, May 20, 2008 Saturday, May 24, 2008 Sunday, May 25, 2008 Thursday, June 12, 2008 Tuesday, June 17, 2008 Saturday, July 05, 2008 Tuesday, July 08, 2008 Monday, August 04, 2008 Thursday, August 28, 2008 Thursday, September 11, 2008 Saturday, September 20, 2008 Monday, September 22, 2008 Tuesday, September 23, 2008 Wednesday, September 24, 2008 Friday, September 26, 2008 Monday, September 29, 2008 Saturday, October 04, 2008 Wednesday, October 08, 2008 Thursday, October 09, 2008 Sunday, October 12, 2008 Wednesday, October 15, 2008 Wednesday, October 22, 2008 Thursday, October 23, 2008 Friday, October 24, 2008 Tuesday, October 28, 2008 Wednesday, October 29, 2008 Monday, November 03, 2008 Tuesday, November 04, 2008 Thursday, November 06, 2008 Saturday, November 08, 2008 Monday, November 10, 2008 Wednesday, November 19, 2008 Thursday, December 18, 2008 Monday, December 22, 2008 Sunday, January 11, 2009 Thursday, January 22, 2009 Monday, January 26, 2009 Thursday, February 19, 2009 Tuesday, February 24, 2009 Friday, February 27, 2009 Monday, March 02, 2009 Thursday, March 05, 2009 Wednesday, March 11, 2009 Thursday, March 12, 2009 Friday, March 13, 2009 Thursday, March 19, 2009 Monday, March 23, 2009 Friday, March 27, 2009 Saturday, March 28, 2009 Sunday, March 29, 2009 Thursday, April 02, 2009 Tuesday, April 07, 2009 Tuesday, April 14, 2009 Tuesday, April 21, 2009 Thursday, April 23, 2009 Saturday, April 25, 2009 Sunday, May 03, 2009 Wednesday, May 06, 2009 Tuesday, May 12, 2009 Wednesday, May 13, 2009 Thursday, May 14, 2009 Sunday, May 17, 2009 Tuesday, May 26, 2009 Wednesday, June 03, 2009 Thursday, June 04, 2009 Tuesday, June 09, 2009 Friday, June 12, 2009 Saturday, June 13, 2009 Sunday, June 14, 2009 Monday, June 22, 2009 Thursday, June 25, 2009 Saturday, July 11, 2009 Tuesday, July 14, 2009 Friday, July 24, 2009 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 Wednesday, August 19, 2009 Friday, August 21, 2009 Monday, August 24, 2009 Thursday, September 03, 2009 Wednesday, September 09, 2009 Thursday, September 10, 2009 Sunday, September 13, 2009 Monday, September 14, 2009 Tuesday, September 15, 2009 Wednesday, September 23, 2009 Friday, September 25, 2009 Sunday, September 27, 2009 Tuesday, September 29, 2009 Monday, November 02, 2009 Tuesday, November 10, 2009 Thursday, November 12, 2009 Tuesday, November 24, 2009 Thursday, February 25, 2010 Thursday, March 04, 2010 Wednesday, March 17, 2010 Tuesday, March 23, 2010 Friday, April 09, 2010 Friday, April 16, 2010 Wednesday, April 21, 2010 Thursday, April 22, 2010 Friday, April 23, 2010 Thursday, April 29, 2010 Sunday, May 02, 2010 Friday, May 07, 2010 Sunday, May 09, 2010 Monday, May 10, 2010 Tuesday, May 11, 2010 Tuesday, June 15, 2010