Copyright Notice - All original comments are Ã‚Â© Copyright 2004 by CodeWarrior. All rights are reserved. All quoted material unless in public domain, are the copyrighted works of the respective copyright holders, and all referenced trademarks are respectively owned by the relevant trademark holder. No attempt nor intention is made by this author to dilute any trademark or infringe any copyrighted material. All materials used on this page not copyrighted by CodeWarrior, are held to be used for non-commercial , personal, fair use purposes. All declaratoy statements not manifestly,contextually or perceptually, intended to be sarcastic, ironic, or parody in nature, are asserted to be true and correct by the author of this blog, as far as could be determined given the information available to the author at the time the post was written. Unauthorized reproduction of material on this page is prohibited, unless such limited reproduction falls under fair use, and such use is authorized if proper attribution of the source of the material, and author is credited in all instances of its usage.
SEARCH THIS SITE USING KEYWORDS
CodeWarriorz ThoughtsDay to day musings of free speech activist CodeWarrior.
CHECK OUT THE WEBSITE OF MY PAL SHMOO
Saturday, May 21, 2005
Bush Condemns S. Korea Stem Cell Research Advances,
WASHINGTON May 21, 2005 — President Bush has condemned stem cell research advances in South Korea and said he worried about living in a world in which human cloning was condoned. He said he would veto any legislation aimed at loosening limits on federal support in the United States.
"I'm very concerned about cloning," Bush told reporters in the Oval Office on Friday. "I worry about a world in which cloning becomes acceptable."
"I made it very clear to the Congress that the use of federal money, taxpayers' money to promote science which destroys life in order to save life is I'm against that. And therefore, if the bill does that, I will veto it."
Republicans in Congress are sharply divided over the stem cell issue, which could lead to the first veto of Bush's presidency. The president's comments were aimed at putting the brakes on a bill gaining momentum on Capitol Hill.
That bill would lift Bush's ban on using federal dollars to do research on embryonic stem cell lines developed after August 2001. The president's veto threat drew immediate reaction from sponsors of the bipartisan bill, Reps. Mike Castle, R-Del., and Diana DeGette, D-Colo.
Castle said the legislation would not allow the cloning of embryos or embryo destruction. Instead, it would let government-funded researchers work with stem cells culled from embryos left over from fertility treatments.
"The bottom line is when a couple has decided to discard their excess embryos, they are either going to be discarded as medical waste or they can be donated for research," Castle said.
DeGette protested too. "It's disappointing that the president would threaten to use his first veto on a bill that holds promise for cures to diseases that affect millions of Americans," DeGette said. "Support for expanding federal stem cell research in an ethical manner remains strong in Congress."
Stem cells are building blocks that give rise to every tissue in the body. Supporters of embryo stem cell research, including former first lady Nancy Reagan, say it could lead to cures for Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and other degenerative brain and nerve diseases.
Lemme Get this Straight- Scientists say the South Korean stem cell research will help folks and Bush condemns it?
OK..JUST WANTED TO BE CLEAR ON THAT...SCIENCE IS "BAD...BAD"...ACCORDING TO THAT ASS CLOWN BUSHY....AND IF IT HELPS PEOPLE...HE MUST CONDEMN IT. OK...I JUST WANTED TO GET ALL THIS STRAIGHT FOR THE RECORD.
By Bill Moyers, AlterNet. Posted May 17, 2005.
Moyers Addresses PBS Coup
By Bill Moyers, AlterNet. Posted May 17, 2005.
In this highly anticipated speech the veteran public broadcaster takes on the PBS coup and its right-wing engineers who are 'squealing like a stuck pig.'
I can't imagine better company on this beautiful Sunday morning in St. Louis. You're church for me today, and there's no congregation in the country where I would be more likely to find more kindred souls than are gathered here.
There are so many different vocations and callings in this room -- so many different interests and aspirations of people who want to reform the media -- that only a presiding bishop like Bob McChesney with his great ecumenical heart could bring us together for a weekend like this.
What joins us all under Bob's embracing welcome is our commitment to public media. Pat Aufderheide got it right, I think, in the recent issue of In These Times when she wrote: "This is a moment when public media outlets can make a powerful case for themselves. Public radio, public TV, cable access, public DBS channels, media arts centers, youth media projects, nonprofit Internet news services ... low-power radio and webcasting are all part of a nearly invisible feature of today's media map: the public media sector. They exist not to make a profit, not to push an ideology, not to serve customers, but to create a public -- a group of people who can talk productively with those who don't share their views, and defend the interests of the people who have to live with the consequences of corporate and governmental power."
She gives examples of the possibilities. "Look at what happened," she said, "when thousands of people who watched Stanley Nelson's The Murder of Emmett Till on their public television channels joined a postcard campaign that re-opened the murder case after more than half a century. Look at NPR's courageous coverage of the Iraq war, an expensive endeavor that wins no points from this administration. Look at Chicago Access Network's Community Forum, where nonprofits throughout the region can showcase their issues and find volunteers."
The public media, she argues, for all our flaws, are a very important resource in a noisy and polluted information environment.
You can also take wings reading Jason Miller's May 4 article on Z Net about the mainstream media. While it is true that much of the mainstream media is corrupted by the influence of government and corporate interests, Miller writes, there are still men and women in the mainstream who practice a high degree of journalistic integrity and who do challenge us with their stories and analysis.
But the real hope "lies within the internet with its 2 billion or more Web sites providing a wealth of information drawn from almost unlimited resources that span the globe. ... If knowledge is power, one's capacity to increase that power increases exponentially through navigation of the Internet for news and information."
Surely this is one issue that unites us as we leave here today. The fight to preserve the web from corporate gatekeepers joins media, reformers, producers and educators -- and it's a fight that has only just begun.
I want to tell you about another fight we're in today. The story I've come to share with you goes to the core of our belief that the quality of democracy and the quality of journalism are deeply entwined. I can tell this story because I've been living it. It's been in the news this week, including reports of more attacks on a single journalist -- yours truly -- by the right-wing media and their allies at the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
As some of you know, CPB was established almost 40 years ago to set broad policy for public broadcasting and to be a firewall between political influence and program content. What some on this board are now doing today -- led by its chairman, Kenneth Tomlinson -- is too important, too disturbing and yes, even too dangerous for a gathering like this not to address.
We're seeing unfold a contemporary example of the age-old ambition of power and ideology to squelch and punish journalists who tell the stories that make princes and priests uncomfortable.
Let me assure you that I take in stride attacks by the radical right-wingers who have not given up demonizing me although I retired over six months ago. They've been after me for years now, and I suspect they will be stomping on my grave to make sure I don't come back from the dead.
I should remind them, however, that one of our boys pulled it off some 2,000 years ago -- after the Pharisees, Sadducees and Caesar's surrogates thought they had shut him up for good. Of course I won't be expecting that kind of miracle, but I should put my detractors on notice: They might just compel me out of the rocking chair and back into the anchor chair.
Who are they? I mean the people obsessed with control, using the government to threaten and intimidate. I mean the people who are hollowing out middle-class security even as they enlist the sons and daughters of the working class in a war to make sure Ahmed Chalabi winds up controlling Iraq's oil. I mean the people who turn faith-based initiatives into a slush fund and who encourage the pious to look heavenward and pray so as not to see the long arm of privilege and power picking their pockets. I mean the people who squelch free speech in an effort to obliterate dissent and consolidate their orthodoxy into the official view of reality from which any deviation becomes unpatriotic heresy.
That's who I mean. And if that's editorializing, so be it. A free press is one where it's OK to state the conclusion you're led to by the evidence.
One reason I'm in hot water is because my colleagues and I at NOW didn't play by the conventional rules of Beltway journalism. Those rules divide the world into Democrats and Republicans, liberals and conservatives, and allow journalists to pretend they have done their job if, instead of reporting the truth behind the news, they merely give each side an opportunity to spin the news.
Jonathan Mermin writes about this in a recent essay in World Policy Journal. (You'll also want to read his book Debating War and Peace, Media Coverage of U.S. Intervention in the Post-Vietnam Era.)
Mermin quotes David Ignatius of The Washington Post on why the deep interests of the American public are so poorly served by Beltway journalism. The "rules of our game," says Ignatius, "make it hard for us to tee up an issue ... without a news peg." He offers a case in point: the debacle of America's occupation of Iraq. "If senator so and so hasn't criticized postwar planning for Iraq," says Ignatius, "then it's hard for a reporter to write a story about that."
Mermin also quotes public television's Jim Lehrer acknowledging that unless an official says something is so, it isn't news. Why were journalists not discussing the occupation of Iraq? Because, says Lehrer, "the word occupation ... was never mentioned in the run-up to the war." Washington talked about the invasion as "a war of liberation, not a war of occupation, so as a consequence, "those of us in journalism never even looked at the issue of occupation."
"In other words," says Jonathan Mermin, "if the government isn't talking about it, we don't report it." He concludes: "[Lehrer's] somewhat jarring declaration, one of many recent admissions by journalists that their reporting failed to prepare the public for the calamitous occupation that has followed the 'liberation' of Iraq, reveals just how far the actual practice of American journalism has deviated from the First Amendment ideal of a press that is independent of the government."
Take the example (also cited by Mermin) of Charles J. Hanley. Hanley is a Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter for the Associated Press, whose fall 2003 story on the torture of Iraqis in American prisons -- before a U.S. Army report and photographs documenting the abuse surfaced -- was ignored by major American newspapers. Hanley attributes this lack of interest to the fact that "it was not an officially sanctioned story that begins with a handout from an official source."
Furthermore, Iraqis recounting their own personal experience of Abu Ghraib simply did not have the credibility with Beltway journalists of American officials denying that such things happened. Judith Miller of The New York Times, among others, relied on the credibility of official but unnamed sources when she served essentially as the government stenographer for claims that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction.
These "rules of the game" permit Washington officials to set the agenda for journalism, leaving the press all too often simply to recount what officials say instead of subjecting their words and deeds to critical scrutiny. Instead of acting as filters for readers and viewers, sifting the truth from the propaganda, reporters and anchors attentively transcribe both sides of the spin invariably failing to provide context, background or any sense of which claims hold up and which are misleading.
I decided long ago that this wasn't healthy for democracy. I came to see that "news is what people want to keep hidden and everything else is publicity." In my documentaries -- whether on the Watergate scandals 30 years ago or the Iran-Contra conspiracy 20 years ago or Bill Clinton's fundraising scandals 10 years ago or, five years ago, the chemical industry's long and despicable cover-up of its cynical and unspeakable withholding of critical data about its toxic products from its workers, I realized that investigative journalism could not be a collaboration between the journalist and the subject. Objectivity is not satisfied by two opposing people offering competing opinions, leaving the viewer to split the difference.
I came to believe that objective journalism means describing the object being reported on, including the little fibs and fantasies as well as the Big Lie of the people in power. In no way does this permit journalists to make accusations and allegations. It means, instead, making sure that your reporting and your conclusions can be nailed to the post with confirming evidence.
This is always hard to do, but it has never been harder than today. Without a trace of irony, the powers-that-be have appropriated the newspeak vernacular of George Orwell's 1984. They give us a program vowing "No Child Left Behind," while cutting funds for educating disadvantaged kids. They give us legislation cheerily calling for "Clear Skies" and "Healthy Forests" that give us neither. And that's just for starters.
In Orwell's 1984, the character Syme, one of the writers of that totalitarian society's dictionary, explains to the protagonist Winston, "Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? Has it ever occurred to you, Winston, that by the year 2050, at the very latest, not a single human being will be alive who could understand such a conversation as we are having now? The whole climate of thought will be different. In fact there will be no thought, as we understand it now. Orthodoxy means not thinking -- not needing to think. Orthodoxy is unconsciousness."
An unconscious people, an indoctrinated people, a people fed only on partisan information and opinion that confirm their own bias, a people made morbidly obese in mind and spirit by the junk food of propaganda, is less inclined to put up a fight, to ask questions and be skeptical. That kind of orthodoxy can kill a democracy -- or worse.
I learned about this the hard way. I grew up in the South, where the truth about slavery, race, and segregation had been driven from the pulpits, driven from the classrooms and driven from the newsrooms. It took a bloody Civil War to bring the truth home, and then it took another hundred years for the truth to make us free.
Then I served in the Johnson administration. Imbued with Cold War orthodoxy and confident that "might makes right," we circled the wagons, listened only to each other, and pursued policies the evidence couldn't carry. The results were devastating for Vietnamese and Americans.
I brought all of this to the task when PBS asked me after 9/11 to start a new weekly broadcast. They wanted us to make it different from anything else on the air -- commercial or public broadcasting. They asked us to tell stories no one else was reporting and to offer a venue to people who might not otherwise be heard.
That wasn't a hard sell. I had been deeply impressed by studies published in leading peer-reviewed scholarly journals by a team of researchers led by Vassar College sociologist William Hoynes. Extensive research on the content of public television over a decade found that political discussions on our public affairs programs generally included a limited set of voices that offer a narrow range of perspectives on current issues and events.
Instead of far-ranging discussions and debates, the kind that might engage viewers as citizens, not simply as audiences, this research found that public affairs programs on PBS stations were populated by the standard set of elite news sources. Whether government officials and Washington journalists (talking about political strategy) or corporate sources (talking about stock prices or the economy from the investor's viewpoint), public television, unfortunately, all too often was offering the same kind of discussions, and a similar brand of insider discourse, that is featured regularly on commercial television.
Who didn't appear was also revealing. Hoynes and his team found that in contrast to the conservative mantra that public television routinely featured the voices of anti-establishment critics, "alternative perspectives were rare on public television and were effectively drowned out by the stream of government and corporate views that represented the vast majority of sources on our broadcasts."
The so-called experts who got most of the face time came primarily from mainstream news organizations and Washington think tanks rather than diverse interests. Economic news, for example, was almost entirely refracted through the views of business people, investors and business journalists. Voices outside the corporate/Wall Street universe -- nonprofessional workers, labor representatives, consumer advocates and the general public were rarely heard. In sum, these two studies concluded, the economic coverage was so narrow that the views and the activities of most citizens became irrelevant.
All this went against the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 that created the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. I know. I was there. As a young policy assistant to President Johnson, I attended my first meeting to discuss the future of public broadcasting in 1964 in the office of the Commissioner of Education. I know firsthand that the Public Broadcasting Act was meant to provide an alternative to commercial television and to reflect the diversity of the American people.
This, too, was on my mind when we assembled the team for NOW. It was just after the terrorist attacks of 9/11. We agreed on two priorities. First, we wanted to do our part to keep the conversation of democracy going. That meant talking to a wide range of people across the spectrum -- left, right and center.
It meant poets, philosophers, politicians, scientists, sages and scribblers. It meant Isabel Allende, the novelist, and Amity Shlaes, the columnist for the Financial Times. It meant the former nun and best-selling author Karen Armstrong, and it meant the right-wing evangelical columnist Cal Thomas. It meant Arundhati Roy from India, Doris Lessing from London, David Suzuki from Canada, and Bernard Henry-Levi from Paris. It also meant two successive editors of the Wall Street Journal, Robert Bartley and Paul Gigot, the editor of The Economist, Bill Emmott, The Nation's Katrina vanden Heuvel and the L.A. Weekly's John Powers.
It means liberals like Frank Wu, Ossie Davis and Gregory Nava, and conservatives like Frank Gaffney, Grover Norquist, and Richard Viguerie. It meant Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Bishop Wilton Gregory of the Catholic Bishops conference in this country. It meant the conservative Christian activist and lobbyist, Ralph Reed, and the dissident Catholic Sister Joan Chittister. We threw the conversation of democracy open to all comers.
Most of those who came responded the same way that Ron Paul, the Republican and Libertarian congressman from Texas, did when he wrote me after his appearance, "I have received hundreds of positive e-mails from your viewers. I appreciate the format of your program, which allows time for a full discussion of ideas. ... I'm tired of political shows featuring two guests shouting over each other and offering the same arguments. ... NOW was truly refreshing."
Hold your applause because that's not the point of the story. We had a second priority. We intended to do strong, honest and accurate reporting, telling stories we knew people in high places wouldn't like.
I told our producers and correspondents that in our field reporting our job was to get as close as possible to the verifiable truth. This was all the more imperative in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks. America could be entering a long war against an elusive and stateless enemy with no definable measure of victory and no limit to its duration, cost or foreboding fear. The rise of a homeland security state meant government could justify extraordinary measures in exchange for protecting citizens against unnamed, even unproven, threats.
Furthermore, increased spending during a national emergency can produce a spectacle of corruption behind a smokescreen of secrecy. I reminded our team of the words of the news photographer in Tom Stoppard's play who said, "People do terrible things to each other, but it's worse when everyone is kept in the dark."
I also reminded them of how the correspondent and historian Richard Reeves answered a student who asked him to define real news. "Real news," Reeves responded, "is the news you and I need to keep our freedoms."
For these reasons and in that spirit, we went about reporting on Washington as no one else in broadcasting -- except occasionally 60 Minutes -- was doing. We reported on the expansion of the Justice Department's power of surveillance. We reported on the escalating Pentagon budget and expensive weapons that didn't work. We reported on how campaign contributions influenced legislation and policy to skew resources to the comfortable and well-connected while our troops were fighting in Afghanistan and Iraq with inadequate training and armor. We reported on how the Bush administration was shredding the Freedom of Information Act. We went around the country to report on how closed-door, backroom deals in Washington were costing ordinary workers and tax payers their livelihood and security. We reported on offshore tax havens that enable wealthy and powerful Americans to avoid their fair share of national security and the social contract.
And always -- because what people know depends on who owns the press -- we kept coming back to the media business itself, to how mega media corporations were pushing journalism further and further down the hierarchy of values, how giant radio cartels were silencing critics while shutting communities off from essential information, and how the mega media companies were lobbying the FCC for the right to grow ever more powerful.
The broadcast caught on. Our ratings grew every year. There was even a spell when we were the only public affairs broadcast on PBS whose audience was going up instead of down.
Our journalistic peers took notice. The Los Angeles Times said, "NOW's team of reporters has regularly put the rest of the media to shame, pursuing stories few others bother to touch."
The Philadelphia Inquirer said our segments on the sciences, the arts, politics and the economy were "provocative public television at its best."
The Austin American-Statesman called NOW, "the perfect antidote to today's high pitched decibel level, a smart, calm, timely news program."
Frazier Moore of the Associated Press said we were hard-edged when appropriate but never "Hardball." "Don't expect combat. Civility reigns."
And the Baton Rouge Advocate said, "NOW invites viewers to consider the deeper implication of the daily headlines," drawing on "a wide range of viewpoints which transcend the typical labels of the political left or right."
Let me repeat that: NOW draws on "a wide range of viewpoints which transcend the typical labels of the political left or right."
The Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 had been prophetic. Open public television to the American people -- offer diverse interests, ideas and voices ... be fearless in your belief in democracy -- and they will come.
Hold your applause -- that's not the point of the story.
The point of the story is something only a handful of our team, including my wife and partner Judith Davidson Moyers, and I knew at the time -- that the success of NOW's journalism was creating a backlash in Washington.
The more compelling our journalism, the angrier the radical right of the Republican Party became. That's because the one thing they loathe more than liberals is the truth. And the quickest way to be damned by them as liberal is to tell the truth.
This is the point of my story: Ideologues don't want you to go beyond the typical labels of left and right. They embrace a world view that can't be proven wrong because they will admit no evidence to the contrary. They want your reporting to validate their belief system and when it doesn't, God forbid.
Never mind that their own stars were getting a fair shake on NOW: Gigot, Viguerie, David Keene of the American Conservative Union, Stephen Moore, then with the Club for Growth, and others. No, our reporting was giving the radical right fits because it wasn't the party line. It wasn't that we were getting it wrong. Only three times in three years did we err factually, and in each case we corrected those errors as soon as we confirmed their inaccuracy. The problem was that we were telling stories that partisans in power didn't want told ... we were getting it right, not right-wing.
I've always thought the American eagle needed a left wing and a right wing. The right wing would see to it that economic interests had their legitimate concerns addressed. The left wing would see to it that ordinary people were included in the bargain. Both would keep the great bird on course. But with two right wings or two left wings, it's no longer an eagle and it's going to crash.
My occasional commentaries got to them as well. Although apparently he never watched the broadcast (I guess he couldn't take the diversity), Sen. Trent Lott came out squealing like a stuck pig when after the midterm elections in 2002 I described what was likely to happen now that all three branches of government were about to be controlled by one party dominated by the religious, corporate and political right.
Instead of congratulating the winners for their election victory as some network broadcasters had done -- or celebrating their victory as Fox, the Washington Times, The Weekly Standard, talk radio and other partisan Republican journalists had done -- I provided a little independent analysis of what the victory meant. And I did it the old-fashioned way: I looked at the record, took the winners at their word, and drew the logical conclusion that they would use power as they always said they would. And I set forth this conclusion in my usual modest Texas way.
Events since then have confirmed the accuracy of what I said, but, to repeat, being right is exactly what the right doesn't want journalists to be.
Strange things began to happen. Friends in Washington called to say that they had heard of muttered threats that the PBS reauthorization would be held off "unless Moyers is dealt with." The chairman of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Kenneth Tomlinson, was said to be quite agitated. Apparently there was apoplexy in the right-wing aerie when I closed the broadcast one Friday night by putting an American flag in my lapel and said - well, here's exactly what I said:
"I wore my flag tonight. First time. Until now I haven't thought it necessary to display a little metallic icon of patriotism for everyone to see. It was enough to vote, pay my taxes, perform my civic duties, speak my mind, and do my best to raise our kids to be good Americans.
"Sometimes I would offer a small prayer of gratitude that I had been born in a country whose institutions sustained me, whose armed forces protected me, and whose ideals inspired me; I offered my heart's affections in return. It no more occurred to me to flaunt the flag on my chest than it did to pin my mother's picture on my lapel to prove her son's love. Mother knew where I stood; so does my country. I even tuck a valentine in my tax returns on April 15.
"So what's this doing here? Well, I put it on to take it back. The flag's been hijacked and turned into a logo -- the trademark of a monopoly on patriotism. On those Sunday morning talk shows, official chests appear adorned with the flag as if it is the good housekeeping seal of approval. During the State of the Union, did you notice Bush and Cheney wearing the flag? How come? No administration's patriotism is ever in doubt, only its policies. And the flag bestows no immunity from error. When I see flags sprouting on official lapels, I think of the time in China when I saw Mao's little red book on every official's desk, omnipresent and unread.
"But more galling than anything are all those moralistic ideologues in Washington sporting the flag in their lapels while writing books and running Web sites and publishing magazines attacking dissenters as un-American. They are people whose ardor for war grows disproportionately to their distance from the fighting. They're in the same league as those swarms of corporate lobbyists wearing flags and prowling Capitol Hill for tax breaks even as they call for more spending on war.
"So I put this on as a modest riposte to men with flags in their lapels who shoot missiles from the safety of Washington think tanks, or argue that sacrifice is good as long as they don't have to make it, or approve of bribing governments to join the coalition of the willing (after they first stash the cash). I put it on to remind myself that not every patriot thinks we should do to the people of Baghdad what Bin Laden did to us. The flag belongs to the country, not to the government. And it reminds me that it's not un-American to think that war -- except in self-defense -- is a failure of moral imagination, political nerve, and diplomacy. Come to think of it, standing up to your government can mean standing up for your country."
That did it. That -- and our continuing reporting on overpricing at Haliburton, chicanery on K Street, and the heavy, if divinely guided hand, of Tom DeLay.
When Sen. Lott protested that the Corporation for Public Broadcasting "has not seemed willing to deal with Bill Moyers," a new member of the board, a Republican fundraiser named Cheryl Halperin, who had been appointed by President Bush, agreed that CPB needed more power to do just that sort of thing. She left no doubt about the kind of penalty she would like to see imposed on malefactors like Moyers.
As rumors circulated about all this, I asked to meet with the CPB board to hear for myself what was being said. I thought it would be helpful for someone like me, who had been present at the creation and part of the system for almost 40 years, to talk about how CPB had been intended to be a heat shield to protect public broadcasters from exactly this kind of intimidation.
After all, I'd been there at the time of Richard Nixon's attempted coup. In those days, public television had been really feisty and independent, and often targeted for attacks. A Woody Allen special that poked fun at Henry Kissinger in the Nixon administration had actually been cancelled. The White House had been so outraged over a documentary called the "Banks and the Poor" that PBS was driven to adopt new guidelines. That didn't satisfy Nixon, and when public television hired two NBC reporters -- Robert McNeil and Sander Vanoucur to co-anchor some new broadcasts, it was, for Nixon, the last straw. According to White House memos at the time, he was determined to "get the left-wing commentators who are cutting us up off public television at once -- indeed, yesterday if possible."
Nixon vetoed the authorization for CPB with a message written in part by his sidekick Pat Buchanan, who in a private memo had castigated Vanocur, MacNeil, Washington Week in Review, Black Journal and Bill Moyers as "unbalanced against the administration."
It does sound familiar.
I always knew Nixon would be back. I just didn't know this time he would be the chairman of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
Buchanan and Nixon succeeded in cutting CPB funding for all public affairs programming except for Black Journal. They knocked out multiyear funding for the National Public Affairs Center for Television, otherwise known as NPACT. And they voted to take away from the PBS staff the ultimate responsibility for the production of programming.
But in those days -- and this is what I wanted to share with Kenneth Tomlinson and his colleagues on the CPB board -- there were still Republicans in America who did not march in ideological lockstep and who stood on principle against politicizing public television. The chairman of the public station in Dallas was an industrialist named Ralph Rogers, a Republican but no party hack, who saw the White House intimidation as an assault on freedom of the press and led a nationwide effort to stop it.
The chairman of CPB was former Republican Congressman Thomas Curtis, who was also a principled man. He resigned, claiming White House interference. Within a few months, the crisis was over. CPB maintained its independence, PBS grew in strength, and Richard Nixon would soon face impeachment and resign for violating the public trust, not just public broadcasting.
Paradoxically, the very National Public Affairs Center for Television that Nixon had tried to kill -- NPACT -- put PBS on the map by rebroadcasting in primetime each day's Watergate hearings, drawing huge ratings night after night and establishing PBS as an ally of democracy. We should still be doing that sort of thing.
That was 33 years ago. I thought the current CPB board would like to hear and talk about the importance of standing up to political interference. I was wrong. They wouldn't meet with me. I tried three times. And it was all downhill after that.
I was na've, I guess. I simply never imagined that any CPB chairman, Democrat or Republican, would cross the line from resisting White House pressure to carrying it out for the White House. But that's what Kenneth Tomlinson has done.
On Fox News this week he denied that he's carrying out a White House mandate or that he's ever had any conversations with any Bush administration official about PBS. But the New York Times reported that he enlisted Karl Rove to help kill a proposal that would have put on the CPB board people with experience in local radio and television. The Times also reported that "on the recommendation of administration officials" Tomlinson hired a White House flack (I know the genre) named Mary Catherine Andrews as a senior CPB staff member. While she was still reporting to Karl Rove at the White House, Andrews set up CPB's new ombudsman's office and had a hand in hiring the two people who will fill it, one of whom once worked for ... you guessed it ... Kenneth Tomlinson.
I would like to give Mr. Tomlinson the benefit of the doubt, but I can't. According to a book written about the Reader's Digest when he was its editor-in-chief, he surrounded himself with other right-wingers -- a pattern he's now following at the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
There is Ms. Andrews from the White House. For acting president, he hired Ken Ferree from the FCC, who was Michael Powell's enforcer when Powell was deciding how to go about allowing the big media companies to get even bigger. According to a forthcoming book, one of Ferree's jobs was to engage in tactics designed to dismiss any serious objection to media monopolies. And, according to Eric Alterman, Ferree was even more contemptuous than Michael Powell of public participation in the process of determining media ownership. Alterman identifies Ferree as the FCC staffer who decided to issue a "protective order" designed to keep secret the market research on which the Republican majority on the commission based their vote to permit greater media consolidation.
It's not likely that with guys like this running the CPB some public television producer is going to say, "Hey, let's do something on how big media is affecting democracy."
Call it preventive capitulation.
As everyone knows, Mr. Tomlinson also put up a considerable sum of money, reportedly over $5 million, for a new weekly broadcast featuring Paul Gigot and the editorial board of the Wall Street Journal. Gigot is a smart journalist, a sharp editor, and a fine fellow. I had him on NOW several times and even proposed that he become a regular contributor. The conversation of democracy -- remember? All stripes.
But I confess to some puzzlement that the Wall Street Journal, which in the past editorialized to cut PBS off the public tap, is now being subsidized by American taxpayers although its parent company, Dow Jones, had revenues in just the first quarter of this year of $400 million. I thought public television was supposed to be an alternative to commercial media, not a funder of it.
But in this weird deal, you get a glimpse of the kind of programming Mr. Tomlinson apparently seems to prefer. Alone of the big major newspapers, the Wall Street Journal has no op-ed page where different opinions can compete with its right-wing editorials. The Journal's PBS broadcast is just as homogenous -- right-wingers talking to each other. Why not $5 million to put the editors of The Nation on PBS? Or Amy Goodman's Democracy Now! You balance right-wing talk with left-wing talk.
There's more. Only two weeks ago did we learn that Mr. Tomlinson had spent $10,000 last year to hire a contractor who would watch my show and report on political bias. That's right. Kenneth Y. Tomlinson spent $10,000 of your money to hire a guy to watch NOW to find out who my guests were and what my stories were. Ten thousand dollars.
Gee, Ken, for $2.50 a week, you could pick up a copy of TV Guide on the newsstand. A subscription is even cheaper, and I would have sent you a coupon that can save you up to 62 percent.
For that matter, Ken, all you had to do was watch the show yourself. You could have made it easier with a double Jim Beam, your favorite. Or you could have gone online where the listings are posted. Hell, you could have called me -- collect -- and I would have told you.
Ten thousand dollars. That would have bought five tables at Thursday night's "Conservative Salute for Tom DeLay." Better yet, that ten grand would pay for the books in an elementary school classroom or an upgrade of its computer lab.
But having sent that cash, what did he find? Only Mr. Tomlinson knows. He's apparently decided not to share the results with his staff, or his board or leak it to Robert Novak. The public paid for it -- but Ken Tomlinson acts as if he owns it.
In a May 10 op-ed piece, in Rev. Moon's conservative Washington Times, Tomlinson maintained he had not released the findings because public broadcasting is such a delicate institution that he did not want to "damage public broadcasting's image with controversy." Where I come from in Texas, we shovel that kind of stuff every day.
As we learned only this week, that's not the only news Mr. Tomlinson tried to keep to himself. As reported by Jeff Chester's Center for Digital Democracy (of which I am a supporter), there were two public opinion surveys commissioned by CPB but not released to the media -- not even to PBS and NPR. According to a source who talked to Salon.com, "The first results were too good and [Tomlinson] didn't believe them. After the Iraq War, the board commissioned another round of polling, and they thought they'd get worse results."
But they didn't. The data revealed that, in reality, public broadcasting has an 80 percent favorable rating and that "the majority of the U.S. adult population does not believe that the news and information programming on public broadcasting is biased." In fact, more than half believed PBS provided more in-depth and trustworthy news and information than the networks and 55 percent said PBS was "fair and balanced."
Tomlinson is the man, by the way, who was running Voice of America back in 1984 when a partisan named Charlie Wick was politicizing the United States Information Agency of which Voice of America was a part. It turned out there was a blacklist of people who had been removed from the list of prominent Americans sent abroad to lecture on behalf of America and the USIA. What's more, it was discovered that evidence as to how those people were chosen to be on the blacklist, more than 700 documents had been shredded. Among those on the blacklists of journalists, writers, scholars and politicians were dangerous left-wing subversives like Walter Cronkite, James Baldwin, Gary Hart, Ralph Nader, Ben Bradlee, Coretta Scott King and David Brinkley.
The person who took the fall for the blacklist was another right-winger. He resigned. Shortly thereafter, so did Kenneth Tomlinson, who had been one of the people in the agency with the authority to see the lists of potential speakers and allowed to strike people's names. Let me be clear about this: There is no record, apparently, of what Ken Tomlinson did. We don't know whether he supported or protested the blacklisting of so many American liberals. Or what he thinks of it now.
But I had hoped Bill O'Reilly would have asked him about it when he appeared on The O'Reilly Factor this week. He didn't. Instead, Tomlinson went on attacking me with O'Reilly egging him on, and he went on denying he was carrying out a partisan mandate despite published reports to the contrary. The only time you could be sure he was telling the truth was at the end of the broadcast when he said to O'Reilly, "We love your show."
We love your show.
I wrote Kenneth Tomlinson on Friday and asked him to sit down with me for one hour on PBS and talk about all this. I suggested that he choose the moderator and the guidelines.
There is one other thing in particular I would like to ask him about. In his op-ed essay this week in Washington Times, Ken Tomlinson tells of a phone call from an old friend complaining about my bias. Wrote Mr. Tomlinson: "The friend explained that the foundation he heads made a six-figure contribution to his local television station for digital conversion. But he declared there would be no more contributions until something was done about the network's bias."
Apparently that's Kenneth Tomlinson's method of governance. Money talks and buys the influence it wants.
I would like to ask him to listen to a different voice.
This letter came to me last year from a woman in New York, five pages of handwriting. She said, among other things, that "after the worst sneak attack in our history, there's not been a moment to reflect, a moment to let the horror resonate, a moment to feel the pain and regroup as humans. No, since I lost my husband on 9/11, not only our family's world, but the whole world seems to have gotten even worse than that tragic day."
She wanted me to know that on 9/11 her husband was not on duty. "He was home with me having coffee. My daughter and grandson, living only five blocks from the Towers, had to be evacuated with masks -- terror all around. ... My other daughter, near the Brooklyn Bridge ... my son in high school. But my Charlie took off like a lightning bolt to be with his men from the Special Operations Command. 'Bring my gear to the plaza,' he told his aide immediately after the first plane struck the North Tower. ... He took action based on the responsibility he felt for his job and his men and for those Towers that he loved."
In the FDNY, she said, chain-of- command rules extend to every captain of every fire house in the city. If anything happens in the firehouse -- at any time -- even if the captain isn't on duty or on vacation -- that captain is responsible for everything that goes on there 24/7."
So she asked: "Why is this administration responsible for nothing? All that they do is pass the blame. This is not leadership. ... Watch everyone pass the blame again in this recent torture case [Abu Ghraib] of Iraqi prisons ..."
And then she wrote: "We need more programs like yours to wake America up. ... Such programs must continue amidst the sea of false images and name-calling that divide America now. ... Such programs give us hope that search will continue to get this imperfect human condition on to a higher plane. So thank you and all of those who work with you. Without public broadcasting, all we would call news would be merely carefully controlled propaganda."
Enclosed with the letter was a check made out to "Channel 13 -- NOW" for $500. I keep a copy of that check above my desk to remind me of what journalism is about. Kenneth Tomlinson has his demanding donors. I'll take the widow's mite any day.
Someone has said recently that the great raucous mob that is democracy is rarely heard and that it's not just the fault of the current residents of the White House and the capital. There's too great a chasm between those of us in this business and those who depend on TV and radio as their window to the world. We treat them too much as an audience and not enough as citizens. They're invited to look through the window but too infrequently to come through the door and to participate, to make public broadcasting truly public."
To that end, five public interest groups including Common Cause and Consumers Union will be holding informational sessions around the country to "take public broadcasting back" -- to take it back from threats, from interference, from those who would tell us we can only think what they command us to think.
It's a worthy goal.
We're big kids; we can handle controversy and diversity, whether it's political or religious points of view or two loving lesbian moms and their kids, visited by a cartoon rabbit. We are not too fragile or insecure to see America and the world entire for all their magnificent and sometimes violent confusion. There used to be a thing or a commodity we put great store by," John Steinbeck wrote. "It was called the people."
Monday, May 03, 2004 Tuesday, May 04, 2004 Sunday, May 09, 2004 Tuesday, May 11, 2004 Wednesday, May 12, 2004 Friday, May 14, 2004 Saturday, May 15, 2004 Sunday, May 16, 2004 Monday, May 17, 2004 Tuesday, May 18, 2004 Wednesday, May 19, 2004 Thursday, May 20, 2004 Friday, May 21, 2004 Monday, May 24, 2004 Tuesday, May 25, 2004 Wednesday, May 26, 2004 Thursday, May 27, 2004 Friday, May 28, 2004 Saturday, May 29, 2004 Sunday, May 30, 2004 Tuesday, June 01, 2004 Wednesday, June 02, 2004 Thursday, June 03, 2004 Friday, June 04, 2004 Saturday, June 05, 2004 Sunday, June 06, 2004 Monday, June 07, 2004 Tuesday, June 08, 2004 Wednesday, June 09, 2004 Thursday, June 10, 2004 Friday, June 11, 2004 Sunday, June 13, 2004 Monday, June 14, 2004 Wednesday, June 16, 2004 Thursday, June 17, 2004 Friday, June 18, 2004 Sunday, June 20, 2004 Monday, June 21, 2004 Tuesday, June 22, 2004 Wednesday, June 23, 2004 Thursday, June 24, 2004 Friday, June 25, 2004 Saturday, June 26, 2004 Sunday, June 27, 2004 Tuesday, June 29, 2004 Wednesday, June 30, 2004 Thursday, July 01, 2004 Friday, July 02, 2004 Saturday, July 03, 2004 Sunday, July 04, 2004 Monday, July 05, 2004 Tuesday, July 06, 2004 Wednesday, July 07, 2004 Thursday, July 08, 2004 Friday, July 09, 2004 Saturday, July 10, 2004 Sunday, July 11, 2004 Monday, July 12, 2004 Tuesday, July 13, 2004 Wednesday, July 14, 2004 Thursday, July 15, 2004 Friday, July 16, 2004 Saturday, July 17, 2004 Sunday, July 18, 2004 Monday, July 19, 2004 Tuesday, July 20, 2004 Wednesday, July 21, 2004 Friday, July 23, 2004 Friday, July 30, 2004 Monday, August 02, 2004 Tuesday, August 03, 2004 Wednesday, August 04, 2004 Thursday, August 05, 2004 Friday, August 06, 2004 Saturday, August 07, 2004 Sunday, August 08, 2004 Tuesday, August 10, 2004 Wednesday, August 11, 2004 Thursday, August 12, 2004 Friday, August 13, 2004 Saturday, August 14, 2004 Sunday, August 15, 2004 Monday, August 16, 2004 Tuesday, August 17, 2004 Friday, August 20, 2004 Saturday, August 21, 2004 Tuesday, August 24, 2004 Wednesday, August 25, 2004 Thursday, August 26, 2004 Friday, August 27, 2004 Sunday, August 29, 2004 Monday, August 30, 2004 Wednesday, September 01, 2004 Thursday, September 02, 2004 Friday, September 03, 2004 Saturday, September 04, 2004 Sunday, September 05, 2004 Monday, September 06, 2004 Tuesday, September 07, 2004 Wednesday, September 08, 2004 Thursday, September 09, 2004 Friday, September 10, 2004 Saturday, September 11, 2004 Sunday, September 12, 2004 Monday, September 13, 2004 Tuesday, September 14, 2004 Wednesday, September 15, 2004 Friday, September 17, 2004 Saturday, September 18, 2004 Sunday, September 19, 2004 Tuesday, September 21, 2004 Wednesday, September 22, 2004 Thursday, September 23, 2004 Friday, September 24, 2004 Saturday, September 25, 2004 Monday, September 27, 2004 Tuesday, September 28, 2004 Wednesday, September 29, 2004 Thursday, September 30, 2004 Friday, October 01, 2004 Saturday, October 02, 2004 Sunday, October 03, 2004 Monday, October 04, 2004 Tuesday, October 05, 2004 Wednesday, October 06, 2004 Thursday, October 07, 2004 Friday, October 08, 2004 Saturday, October 09, 2004 Sunday, October 10, 2004 Tuesday, October 12, 2004 Wednesday, October 13, 2004 Thursday, October 14, 2004 Friday, October 15, 2004 Saturday, October 16, 2004 Sunday, October 17, 2004 Monday, October 18, 2004 Tuesday, October 19, 2004 Wednesday, October 20, 2004 Thursday, October 21, 2004 Friday, October 22, 2004 Saturday, October 23, 2004 Sunday, October 24, 2004 Monday, October 25, 2004 Tuesday, October 26, 2004 Wednesday, October 27, 2004 Thursday, October 28, 2004 Friday, October 29, 2004 Saturday, October 30, 2004 Sunday, October 31, 2004 Monday, November 01, 2004 Tuesday, November 02, 2004 Wednesday, November 03, 2004 Thursday, November 04, 2004 Friday, November 05, 2004 Saturday, November 06, 2004 Sunday, November 07, 2004 Monday, November 08, 2004 Tuesday, November 09, 2004 Wednesday, November 10, 2004 Thursday, November 11, 2004 Friday, November 12, 2004 Saturday, November 13, 2004 Sunday, November 14, 2004 Monday, November 15, 2004 Tuesday, November 16, 2004 Wednesday, November 17, 2004 Thursday, November 18, 2004 Friday, November 19, 2004 Saturday, November 20, 2004 Sunday, November 21, 2004 Monday, November 22, 2004 Thursday, November 25, 2004 Friday, November 26, 2004 Saturday, November 27, 2004 Sunday, November 28, 2004 Tuesday, November 30, 2004 Wednesday, December 01, 2004 Thursday, December 02, 2004 Friday, December 03, 2004 Saturday, December 04, 2004 Tuesday, December 07, 2004 Wednesday, December 08, 2004 Thursday, December 09, 2004 Friday, December 10, 2004 Saturday, December 11, 2004 Sunday, December 12, 2004 Monday, December 13, 2004 Tuesday, December 14, 2004 Wednesday, December 15, 2004 Thursday, December 16, 2004 Friday, December 17, 2004 Sunday, December 19, 2004 Monday, December 20, 2004 Friday, December 24, 2004 Saturday, December 25, 2004 Sunday, December 26, 2004 Wednesday, December 29, 2004 Thursday, December 30, 2004 Friday, December 31, 2004 Monday, January 03, 2005 Wednesday, January 05, 2005 Thursday, January 06, 2005 Saturday, January 08, 2005 Sunday, January 09, 2005 Tuesday, January 11, 2005 Wednesday, January 12, 2005 Thursday, January 13, 2005 Saturday, January 15, 2005 Wednesday, January 19, 2005 Friday, January 21, 2005 Saturday, January 22, 2005 Sunday, January 23, 2005 Monday, January 24, 2005 Wednesday, January 26, 2005 Thursday, January 27, 2005 Friday, January 28, 2005 Saturday, January 29, 2005 Monday, January 31, 2005 Thursday, February 03, 2005 Friday, February 04, 2005 Saturday, February 05, 2005 Sunday, February 06, 2005 Monday, February 07, 2005 Tuesday, February 08, 2005 Wednesday, February 09, 2005 Thursday, February 10, 2005 Friday, February 11, 2005 Saturday, February 12, 2005 Sunday, February 13, 2005 Tuesday, February 15, 2005 Thursday, February 17, 2005 Saturday, February 19, 2005 Sunday, February 20, 2005 Wednesday, February 23, 2005 Saturday, February 26, 2005 Sunday, February 27, 2005 Monday, February 28, 2005 Wednesday, March 02, 2005 Thursday, March 03, 2005 Sunday, March 06, 2005 Tuesday, March 08, 2005 Wednesday, March 09, 2005 Thursday, March 10, 2005 Friday, March 11, 2005 Saturday, March 12, 2005 Sunday, March 13, 2005 Monday, March 14, 2005 Tuesday, March 15, 2005 Wednesday, March 16, 2005 Thursday, March 17, 2005 Friday, March 18, 2005 Saturday, March 19, 2005 Thursday, March 24, 2005 Friday, March 25, 2005 Saturday, March 26, 2005 Sunday, March 27, 2005 Wednesday, March 30, 2005 Thursday, March 31, 2005 Friday, April 01, 2005 Saturday, April 02, 2005 Sunday, April 03, 2005 Wednesday, April 06, 2005 Thursday, April 07, 2005 Saturday, April 09, 2005 Sunday, April 10, 2005 Monday, April 11, 2005 Thursday, April 14, 2005 Saturday, April 16, 2005 Sunday, April 17, 2005 Monday, April 18, 2005 Wednesday, April 20, 2005 Thursday, April 21, 2005 Friday, April 22, 2005 Saturday, April 23, 2005 Sunday, April 24, 2005 Tuesday, April 26, 2005 Friday, April 29, 2005 Saturday, April 30, 2005 Sunday, May 01, 2005 Monday, May 02, 2005 Tuesday, May 03, 2005 Wednesday, May 04, 2005 Thursday, May 05, 2005 Friday, May 06, 2005 Sunday, May 08, 2005 Wednesday, May 11, 2005 Thursday, May 12, 2005 Friday, May 13, 2005 Sunday, May 15, 2005 Monday, May 16, 2005 Wednesday, May 18, 2005 Thursday, May 19, 2005 Friday, May 20, 2005 Saturday, May 21, 2005 Sunday, May 22, 2005 Monday, May 23, 2005 Tuesday, May 24, 2005 Wednesday, May 25, 2005 Thursday, May 26, 2005 Friday, May 27, 2005 Saturday, May 28, 2005 Sunday, May 29, 2005 Monday, May 30, 2005 Tuesday, May 31, 2005 Wednesday, June 01, 2005 Thursday, June 02, 2005 Friday, June 03, 2005 Saturday, June 04, 2005 Sunday, June 05, 2005 Monday, June 06, 2005 Tuesday, June 07, 2005 Wednesday, June 08, 2005 Thursday, June 09, 2005 Friday, June 10, 2005 Sunday, June 12, 2005 Tuesday, June 14, 2005 Thursday, June 16, 2005 Friday, June 17, 2005 Saturday, June 18, 2005 Sunday, June 19, 2005 Monday, June 20, 2005 Tuesday, June 21, 2005 Thursday, June 23, 2005 Saturday, June 25, 2005 Sunday, June 26, 2005 Tuesday, June 28, 2005 Wednesday, June 29, 2005 Thursday, June 30, 2005 Friday, July 01, 2005 Saturday, July 02, 2005 Monday, July 04, 2005 Wednesday, July 06, 2005 Thursday, July 07, 2005 Saturday, July 09, 2005 Sunday, July 10, 2005 Friday, July 15, 2005 Sunday, July 17, 2005 Tuesday, July 19, 2005 Wednesday, July 20, 2005 Thursday, July 21, 2005 Saturday, July 23, 2005 Sunday, July 24, 2005 Tuesday, August 02, 2005 Thursday, August 04, 2005 Friday, August 05, 2005 Saturday, August 13, 2005 Wednesday, August 24, 2005 Friday, August 26, 2005 Saturday, August 27, 2005 Saturday, September 03, 2005 Wednesday, September 07, 2005 Thursday, September 08, 2005 Saturday, September 24, 2005 Wednesday, September 28, 2005 Wednesday, October 19, 2005 Thursday, October 20, 2005 Friday, October 21, 2005 Sunday, October 23, 2005 Wednesday, November 02, 2005 Monday, November 21, 2005 Wednesday, November 23, 2005 Friday, December 02, 2005 Saturday, December 10, 2005 Saturday, December 17, 2005 Sunday, December 18, 2005 Monday, December 19, 2005 Wednesday, December 21, 2005 Wednesday, January 04, 2006 Friday, January 06, 2006 Monday, January 09, 2006 Monday, January 16, 2006 Tuesday, January 17, 2006 Friday, January 20, 2006 Sunday, January 22, 2006 Saturday, January 28, 2006 Tuesday, January 31, 2006 Wednesday, February 01, 2006 Thursday, February 02, 2006 Wednesday, February 08, 2006 Thursday, February 09, 2006 Friday, February 10, 2006 Saturday, February 11, 2006 Sunday, February 12, 2006 Monday, February 13, 2006 Tuesday, February 14, 2006 Wednesday, February 15, 2006 Thursday, February 16, 2006 Saturday, February 18, 2006 Monday, February 20, 2006 Wednesday, February 22, 2006 Thursday, February 23, 2006 Sunday, March 05, 2006 Tuesday, March 07, 2006 Friday, March 24, 2006 Saturday, March 25, 2006 Wednesday, April 05, 2006 Thursday, April 06, 2006 Friday, April 07, 2006 Saturday, April 08, 2006 Tuesday, April 11, 2006 Monday, April 17, 2006 Tuesday, April 25, 2006 Thursday, April 27, 2006 Tuesday, May 09, 2006 Friday, May 12, 2006 Saturday, May 13, 2006 Sunday, May 14, 2006 Monday, May 15, 2006 Tuesday, May 16, 2006 Thursday, May 18, 2006 Friday, May 26, 2006 Sunday, May 28, 2006 Monday, May 29, 2006 Wednesday, May 31, 2006 Thursday, June 01, 2006 Sunday, June 04, 2006 Monday, June 05, 2006 Friday, June 09, 2006 Saturday, June 10, 2006 Sunday, June 11, 2006 Friday, June 16, 2006 Monday, June 19, 2006 Friday, June 23, 2006 Sunday, June 25, 2006 Tuesday, June 27, 2006 Wednesday, June 28, 2006 Friday, June 30, 2006 Sunday, July 09, 2006 Thursday, July 13, 2006 Friday, July 14, 2006 Saturday, July 15, 2006 Monday, July 17, 2006 Tuesday, July 18, 2006 Wednesday, July 19, 2006 Tuesday, July 25, 2006 Wednesday, July 26, 2006 Friday, July 28, 2006 Sunday, July 30, 2006 Monday, July 31, 2006 Thursday, August 03, 2006 Friday, August 04, 2006 Sunday, August 06, 2006 Monday, August 07, 2006 Wednesday, August 09, 2006 Thursday, August 10, 2006 Sunday, August 13, 2006 Tuesday, August 15, 2006 Thursday, August 17, 2006 Friday, August 18, 2006 Wednesday, September 06, 2006 Friday, September 08, 2006 Monday, September 11, 2006 Wednesday, September 13, 2006 Thursday, September 14, 2006 Friday, September 22, 2006 Saturday, September 23, 2006 Sunday, October 01, 2006 Tuesday, October 03, 2006 Monday, October 30, 2006 Monday, November 06, 2006 Tuesday, November 07, 2006 Sunday, November 12, 2006 Tuesday, November 21, 2006 Wednesday, November 22, 2006 Thursday, November 23, 2006 Friday, December 01, 2006 Monday, December 04, 2006 Tuesday, December 05, 2006 Thursday, December 14, 2006 Wednesday, December 20, 2006 Thursday, December 21, 2006 Friday, December 29, 2006 Wednesday, January 10, 2007 Thursday, January 11, 2007 Saturday, January 13, 2007 Monday, January 15, 2007 Wednesday, January 17, 2007 Saturday, January 20, 2007 Tuesday, January 23, 2007 Tuesday, February 20, 2007 Saturday, February 24, 2007 Sunday, February 25, 2007 Friday, March 23, 2007 Wednesday, April 04, 2007 Tuesday, April 10, 2007 Thursday, April 12, 2007 Friday, April 13, 2007 Thursday, April 19, 2007 Friday, April 20, 2007 Tuesday, April 24, 2007 Tuesday, May 08, 2007 Thursday, May 10, 2007 Friday, May 11, 2007 Monday, May 14, 2007 Tuesday, May 15, 2007 Sunday, May 20, 2007 Monday, May 21, 2007 Tuesday, May 22, 2007 Wednesday, May 23, 2007 Thursday, May 24, 2007 Sunday, May 27, 2007 Wednesday, May 30, 2007 Thursday, May 31, 2007 Friday, June 01, 2007 Monday, June 04, 2007 Wednesday, June 06, 2007 Saturday, June 09, 2007 Sunday, June 10, 2007 Monday, June 11, 2007 Friday, June 15, 2007 Tuesday, June 19, 2007 Tuesday, June 26, 2007 Wednesday, June 27, 2007 Thursday, June 28, 2007 Saturday, June 30, 2007 Monday, July 02, 2007 Tuesday, July 03, 2007 Friday, July 06, 2007 Tuesday, July 10, 2007 Friday, July 13, 2007 Tuesday, July 24, 2007 Saturday, July 28, 2007 Sunday, July 29, 2007 Monday, August 13, 2007 Sunday, August 19, 2007 Saturday, August 25, 2007 Monday, August 27, 2007 Wednesday, August 29, 2007 Friday, August 31, 2007 Friday, September 07, 2007 Wednesday, September 12, 2007 Wednesday, September 19, 2007 Friday, September 21, 2007 Friday, September 28, 2007 Tuesday, October 02, 2007 Thursday, October 11, 2007 Saturday, October 27, 2007 Thursday, November 01, 2007 Saturday, November 03, 2007 Monday, November 05, 2007 Wednesday, November 28, 2007 Tuesday, December 04, 2007 Tuesday, December 11, 2007 Friday, December 14, 2007 Friday, December 21, 2007 Tuesday, December 25, 2007 Saturday, December 29, 2007 Monday, January 07, 2008 Thursday, January 10, 2008 Saturday, January 12, 2008 Sunday, January 13, 2008 Tuesday, January 15, 2008 Friday, January 18, 2008 Saturday, January 19, 2008 Friday, January 25, 2008 Sunday, January 27, 2008 Monday, January 28, 2008 Tuesday, January 29, 2008 Sunday, February 03, 2008 Wednesday, February 06, 2008 Friday, February 08, 2008 Sunday, February 10, 2008 Monday, February 11, 2008 Tuesday, February 12, 2008 Monday, February 25, 2008 Tuesday, February 26, 2008 Monday, March 03, 2008 Tuesday, March 04, 2008 Saturday, March 22, 2008 Saturday, April 19, 2008 Wednesday, April 23, 2008 Saturday, April 26, 2008 Wednesday, April 30, 2008 Monday, May 05, 2008 Tuesday, May 13, 2008 Wednesday, May 14, 2008 Saturday, May 17, 2008 Tuesday, May 20, 2008 Saturday, May 24, 2008 Sunday, May 25, 2008 Thursday, June 12, 2008 Tuesday, June 17, 2008 Saturday, July 05, 2008 Tuesday, July 08, 2008 Monday, August 04, 2008 Thursday, August 28, 2008 Thursday, September 11, 2008 Saturday, September 20, 2008 Monday, September 22, 2008 Tuesday, September 23, 2008 Wednesday, September 24, 2008 Friday, September 26, 2008 Monday, September 29, 2008 Saturday, October 04, 2008 Wednesday, October 08, 2008 Thursday, October 09, 2008 Sunday, October 12, 2008 Wednesday, October 15, 2008 Wednesday, October 22, 2008 Thursday, October 23, 2008 Friday, October 24, 2008 Tuesday, October 28, 2008 Wednesday, October 29, 2008 Monday, November 03, 2008 Tuesday, November 04, 2008 Thursday, November 06, 2008 Saturday, November 08, 2008 Monday, November 10, 2008 Wednesday, November 19, 2008 Thursday, December 18, 2008 Monday, December 22, 2008 Sunday, January 11, 2009 Thursday, January 22, 2009 Monday, January 26, 2009 Thursday, February 19, 2009 Tuesday, February 24, 2009 Friday, February 27, 2009 Monday, March 02, 2009 Thursday, March 05, 2009 Wednesday, March 11, 2009 Thursday, March 12, 2009 Friday, March 13, 2009 Thursday, March 19, 2009 Monday, March 23, 2009 Friday, March 27, 2009 Saturday, March 28, 2009 Sunday, March 29, 2009 Thursday, April 02, 2009 Tuesday, April 07, 2009 Tuesday, April 14, 2009 Tuesday, April 21, 2009 Thursday, April 23, 2009 Saturday, April 25, 2009 Sunday, May 03, 2009 Wednesday, May 06, 2009 Tuesday, May 12, 2009 Wednesday, May 13, 2009 Thursday, May 14, 2009 Sunday, May 17, 2009 Tuesday, May 26, 2009 Wednesday, June 03, 2009 Thursday, June 04, 2009 Tuesday, June 09, 2009 Friday, June 12, 2009 Saturday, June 13, 2009 Sunday, June 14, 2009 Monday, June 22, 2009 Thursday, June 25, 2009 Saturday, July 11, 2009 Tuesday, July 14, 2009 Friday, July 24, 2009 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 Wednesday, August 19, 2009 Friday, August 21, 2009 Monday, August 24, 2009 Thursday, September 03, 2009 Wednesday, September 09, 2009 Thursday, September 10, 2009 Sunday, September 13, 2009 Monday, September 14, 2009 Tuesday, September 15, 2009 Wednesday, September 23, 2009 Friday, September 25, 2009 Sunday, September 27, 2009 Tuesday, September 29, 2009 Monday, November 02, 2009 Tuesday, November 10, 2009 Thursday, November 12, 2009 Tuesday, November 24, 2009 Thursday, February 25, 2010 Thursday, March 04, 2010 Wednesday, March 17, 2010 Tuesday, March 23, 2010 Friday, April 09, 2010 Friday, April 16, 2010 Wednesday, April 21, 2010 Thursday, April 22, 2010 Friday, April 23, 2010 Thursday, April 29, 2010 Sunday, May 02, 2010 Friday, May 07, 2010 Sunday, May 09, 2010 Monday, May 10, 2010 Tuesday, May 11, 2010 Tuesday, June 15, 2010